On This Day

What Happened in October 1857

Historical Events

  • Oct 5 The City of Anaheim is founded
  • Oct 5 Mormon pioneer Captain Lot Smith and members of the Utah militia destroy US army supply wagon train in Wyoming during Utah War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 First American Chess Congress hosted by the American Chess Association in NYC, NY; won by Paul Morphy 10 November

Chess Player Paul Morphy
Chess Player
Paul Morphy
  • Oct 24 Recognised by FIFA as oldest existing club still playing football in the world, Sheffield FC is founded in Yorkshire, England; now based in Dronfield, Derbyshire

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Marthinus Theunis Steyn, South African politician and President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902), born in Winburg, Orange Free State (d. 1916)
  • Oct 4 Henry Schoenfeld, American composer, born in Milwaukee (d. 1936)
  • Oct 7 Moses Walker, American baseball catcher (first African-American open about his heritage to play MLB; Toledo Blue Stockings), born in Mt. Pleasant, Ohio (d. 1924)
  • Oct 14 Elwood Haynes, American automotive pioneer (built one of 1st US autos), born in Portland, Indiana (d. 1925)
  • Oct 24 Ned Williamson, American baseball player (Chicago White Stockings), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1894)
  • Oct 29 Konrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1946)
  • Oct 30 John H Aberson, 1st chancellor (Dutch Agricultural University)
  • Oct 30 Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist and namesake of Tourette's syndrome, born in Saint-Gervais-les-Trois-Clochers, France (d. 1904)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 14 Ignacy Marceli Komorowski, Polish composer, dies of tuberculosis at 33
  • Oct 28 Louis Eugène Cavaignac, French soldier and politician (b. 1802)