On This Day

What Happened in August 1858

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 1st mailboxes installed in Boston and NYC streets
  • Aug 2 Government of India transferred from East India Company to the British Crown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 5 First transatlantic telegraph cable lands at Trinity Bay, Newfoundland spearheaded by Cyrus West Field (will fail after 3 weeks)

Mathematical Physicist and Engineer William Thomson
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer
William Thomson
  • Aug 11 First ascent of the Eiger in the Bernese Alps in Switzerland
  • Aug 15 Regular mail to Pacific coast begins

InventionHistoric Invention

Aug 16 Britain's Queen Victoria telegraphs US President James Buchanan for 1st time by transatlantic telegraph cable, he replies ""it is a triumph more glorious, because far more useful to mankind, than was ever won by conqueror on the field of battle."

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
15th US President James Buchanan
15th US President
James Buchanan
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer William Thomson
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer
William Thomson
  • Aug 17 1st bank in Hawaii opens
  • Aug 18 Netherlands & Japan sign trade agreement
  • Aug 21 1st Lincoln-Douglas debate in Illinois
  • Aug 24 Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Hans Rott, Austrian composer and organist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • Aug 1 Paul Barth, German philosopher and sociologist, born in OleĊ›nica, Poland (d. 1922)
  • Aug 2 Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen consort of William and Regent of the Netherlands, born in Arolsen Castle, Arolsen, Waldeck and Pyrmont, German Confederation (d. 1934)
  • Aug 2 Catharina van Rennes, Dutch composer, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • Aug 2 William Watson, British poet (Prince's Quest, Father of Forest), born in Burley-in-Wharfedale, Yorkshire (d. 1935)
  • Aug 6 Albert Fuchs, Swiss-German composer, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1910)

Person of interestChristiaan Eijkman

Aug 11 Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1929), born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1930)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • Aug 15 Edith Nesbit, British children books author (The Story of the Treasure Seekers, Five Children and It), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • Aug 16 Arthur Achleitner, German writer, born in Straubing, Germany (d. 1927)

Person of interestRudolf, Crown Prince of Austria

Aug 21 Rudolf Franz Karl Joseph, Crown Prince of Austria and heir apparent to the Imperial throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, born in Schloss Laxenburg, Lower Austria, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1889)

  • Aug 27 Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician and glottologist, born in Spinetta, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1932)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 2 A Emma WT von Waldeck-Pyrmont, queen/regent, dies at 76
  • Aug 14 George Combe, phrenologist, dies
  • Aug 18 William Austin Burt, American scientist, surveyor and inventor who patented America's first typographer (typewriter) and the equatorial sextant, dies at 66