On This Day

What Happened in March 1859

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Present seal of San Francisco adopted (its 2nd)
  • Mar 2 21st Grand National: Chris Green aboard 7/1 Half Caste wins by only a short neck from Jean Du Quesne
  • Mar 18 Vera Cruz besieged by Miramon (Cons) in Mexican War of Reform
  • Mar 19 Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
  • Mar 21 Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh
  • Mar 21 Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated
  • Mar 26 1st supposed sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury; it doesn't exist

Music Premiere

Mar 28 1st performance of Johannes Brahms' 1st Serenade for orchestra


Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 2 Sholem Aleichem [Solomon Rabinowitz], Yiddish author and playwright (Fiddler on the Roof, Tevye the Dairyman), born in Pereyaslav, Russian Empire (d. 1916)
  • Mar 8 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)
  • Mar 8 Otto Taubmann, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1929)
  • Mar 12 Josef Cyril Sychra, Czech composer and choirmaster, born in Ústí nad Orlicí (d. 1935)
  • Mar 12 Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
  • Mar 13 Ivo Bligh, British noble (8th Earl of Darnley) and cricket batsman (4 Tests; first England captain v Australia 1882-83), born in London, England (d. 1927)
  • Mar 15 Arthur Hawley Scribner, American magazine and book publisher, born in New York City (d. 1932)
  • Mar 16 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)
  • Mar 19 Edward J. McKeever, American baseball executive (co-owner Brooklyn Dodgers), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1925)
  • Mar 26 A. E. Housman, English poet (A Shropshire Lad), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1936)
  • Mar 26 Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1922)
  • Mar 26 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1919)
  • Mar 27 George Giffen, Australian cricket all-rounder (31 Tests, 1 x 100, 6 x 50, HS 161, 103 wickets, BB 7/117; SA CA), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1927)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Josef Theodor Krov, Bohemian composer, singer and teacher, dies at 61