On This Day

What Happened in September 1859

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 1st Pullman sleeping car in service
  • Sep 1 R C Carrington & R Hodgson make 1st observation of a solar flare
  • Sep 2 Gas lighting introduced to Hawaii
  • Sep 2 A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service.

Historic Event

Sep 16 Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone

Historic Event

Sep 17 Joshua Abraham Norton, English-born resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America

Murder of Interest

Sep 17 James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary

  • Sep 20 George Simpson patents electric range
  • Sep 29 Great auroral display in US

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 3 Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité, Les Preuves), born in Castres, Second French Empire (d. 1914)
  • Sep 4 Edoardo Mascheroni, Italian composer, born in Milan (d. 1941)
  • Sep 11 Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian Realist writer (Pavao Šegota), born in Senj, Croatia (d. 1905)

Yuan Shikai

Sep 16 Yuan Shikai, Chinese general and President of the Republic of China (1916), born in Xiangcheng, Henan, Qing dynasty, China (d. 1916)

  • Sep 17 Frank Dawson Adams, Canadian geologist, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1942)
  • Sep 17 Richard Henry Warren, American organist and composer, born in Albany, New York (d. 1933)
  • Sep 18 John L. Bates, American lawyer and politician (41st Governor of Massachusetts), born in Easton, Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • Sep 18 Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher and politician, born in Indiana, Pennsylvania (d. 1940)
  • Sep 21 Cyriel Buysse, Flemish baron and writer (Sursum Corda, Ace Knave), born in Nevele, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • Sep 24 Julius Klengel, German cellist and composer, born in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1933)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 5 Friedrich von Olivier, German landscape painter, dies at 68
  • Sep 15 John LA Luyten, Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament, dies at 72

Isambard Kingdom Brunel

Sep 15 Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (SS Great Britain, Great Western Railway), dies of a stroke at 53

  • Sep 19 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator, dies at 55
  • Sep 28 Rinse Posthumus, Frisian writer and poet, dies at 68