What Happened in October 1860

Historical Events

  • Oct 8 Telegraph line between LA & San Francisco opens
  • Oct 12 British & French troops capture Beijing
  • Oct 13 1st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon) of Boston
  • Oct 17 1st British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park Sr. wins inaugural event by 2 strokes from fellow Scot Tom Morris Sr
  • Oct 18 The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 3 Annie Horniman, English theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin), born in Surrey Mount, Forest Hill, London (d. 1937)
  • Oct 4 Sidney Paget, British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes), born in London (d. 1908)
  • Oct 6 Oscar L Helfrich, Dutch governor (Curacao)
  • Oct 6 Reneke de Marees van Swinderen, Dutch foreign minister (1908-13)
  • Oct 8 Felix Woyrsch, German composer, born in Opava, Czech Republic (d. 1944)
  • Oct 12 Elmer Ambrose Sperry, American entrepreneur and inventor (gyrocompass), born in Cincinnatus, New York (d. 1930)
  • Oct 17 Dionyssios Lavrangas, Greek conductor, composer, and pedagogue, born in Argostólion, Greece (d. 1915)
  • Oct 19 Affie Jarvis, Australian cricket wicket-keeper (11 Tests, 18 dismissals; South Australia), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1933)
  • Oct 28 Kanō Jigorō, Japanese educator and the founder of Judo, born in Mikage, Japan (d. 1938)

Juliette Gordon LowJuliette Gordon Low (1860-1927)

Oct 31 American activist and founder of the Girl Scouts of America, born in Savannah, Georgia


Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Louis Hersent, painter, dies
  • Oct 3 Rembrandt Peale, American portrait and historical painter (Margaret Irvine Miller ,1805; Court of Death, 1820), and museum keeper (Baltimore), dies at 82
  • Oct 6 Stephen Elvey, British organist and choir master (New College, Oxford 1830 -60), and hymn composer, dies at 55
  • Oct 12 Harry Smith, English military commander and leader of British-Indian forces (Battle of Aliwal), dies at 73
  • Oct 24 Élie, Duke Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician (Sainte-Martin-de-Laye, France), dies at 80
  • Oct 31 Johannes Nathan, Dutch murderer, the last ordinary execution in the Netherlands, hanged for killing his mother-in-law
  • Oct 31 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral, dies at 84