On This Day

What Happened in October 1860

Historical Events

  • Oct 8 Telegraph line between LA & San Francisco opens
  • Oct 12 British & French troops capture Beijing
  • Oct 13 1st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon) of Boston

Abraham Lincoln, the Presidential IconAbraham Lincoln, the Presidential Icon

Oct 15 11-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Abraham Lincoln telling him to grow a beard

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Abraham Lincoln ended the Civil War, abolished slavery and rebuilt the US economy
Abraham Lincoln ended the Civil War, abolished slavery and rebuilt the US economy
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  • Oct 17 1st British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park Sr. wins inaugural event by 2 strokes from fellow Scot Tom Morris Sr
  • Oct 18 The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 3 Annie Horniman, English theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin), born in Surrey Mount, Forest Hill, London (d. 1937)
  • Oct 4 Sidney Paget, British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes), born in London (d. 1908)
  • Oct 6 Oscar L Helfrich, Dutch governor (Curacao)
  • Oct 6 Reneke de Marees van Swinderen, Dutch foreign minister (1908-13)
  • Oct 8 Felix Woyrsch, German composer, born in Opava, Czech Republic (d. 1944)
  • Oct 12 Elmer Ambrose Sperry, American entrepreneur and inventor (gyrocompass), born in Cincinnatus, New York (d. 1930)
  • Oct 17 Dionyssios Lavrangas, composer
  • Oct 19 Affie Jarvis, cricketer (Australian WK of the late 19th century)

Person of interestJuliette Gordon Low

Oct 31 Juliette Gordon Low, American activist and founder of the Girl Scouts of America, born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1927)

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Louis Hersent, painter, dies
  • Oct 3 Rembrandt Peale, American portrait and historical painter (Margaret Irvine Miller ,1805; Court of Death, 1820), and museum keeper (Baltimore), dies at 82
  • Oct 6 Stephen Elvey, English composer, dies at 55
  • Oct 12 Harry Smith, English military commander and leader of British-Indian forces (Battle of Aliwal), dies at 73
  • Oct 24 Élie, Duke Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician (Sainte-Martin-de-Laye, France), dies at 80
  • Oct 31 Johannes Nathan, Dutch murderer, the last ordinary execution in the Netherlands, hanged for killing his mother-in-law
  • Oct 31 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral, dies at 84