On This Day

What Happened in 1861

Historical Events

  • Mar 4 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th US President
  • Mar 10 West African political leader El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali
  • Mar 17 Italy is unified into a single kingdom under Victor Emmanuel II following the campaigns led by Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Apr 15 Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Abraham Lincoln (US Civil War)
  • Apr 23 Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)
  • Jul 21 First Battle of Bull Run [Battle of First Manassas], 1st major battle of the US Civil War is fought near Manassas, Virginia, Confederate victory
  • Oct 26 Pony Express (Missouri to California) ends after 19 months
  • Dec 31 22,990mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in India in 1861, a world record
  • More Historical Events

Did You Know?

President Lincoln signs the first US personal Income Tax into law (3% of incomes over $800)

On August 5, 1861

Would You Believe?

Abraham Lincoln stops his train at Westfield on his way to Washington to thank 11-year old Grace Bedell in person for her advice to grow a beard to gain more votes

On February 16, 1861

Famous Weddings