On This Day

What Happened in 1861

Important Events in 1861

  • Mar 4 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th US President
  • Mar 10 West African political leader El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali
  • Mar 17 Italy is unified into a single kingdom under Victor Emmanuel II following the campaigns led by Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Apr 15 Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Abraham Lincoln (US Civil War)
  • Apr 23 Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)
  • Jul 21 First Battle of Bull Run [Battle of First Manassas], 1st major battle of the US Civil War is fought near Manassas, Virginia, Confederate victory
  • Oct 26 Pony Express (Missouri to California) ends after 19 months
  • Dec 31 22,990mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in India in 1861, a world record

More Historical Events

Do you know this fact about today?Did You Know?

President Lincoln signs the first US personal Income Tax into law (3% of incomes over $800)

On August 5, 1861


Famous People in 1861

World Leaders in 1861

Would you believe this fact about today?Would You Believe?

Abraham Lincoln stops his train at Westfield on his way to Washington to thank 11-year old Grace Bedell in person for her advice to grow a beard to gain more votes

On February 16, 1861

Famous Weddings in 1861