What Happened in January 1861

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
  • Jan 2 South Carolina seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • Jan 2 Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • Jan 3 Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
  • Jan 3 US Fort Pulaski and Fort Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
  • Jan 4 US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama
  • Jan 5 250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • Jan 5 Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan & Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • Jan 6 Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola
  • Jan 6 NYC mayor proposes NY become a free city, trading with North and South
  • Jan 7 Florida troops takeover Fort Marion at St Augustine (US Civil War)
  • Jan 9 A Union merchant ship, the Star of the West, is fired upon as it tries to deliver supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina
  • Jan 9 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 10 Fort Jackson & Fort Philip are taken over by LA state troops (US Civil War)
  • Jan 10 US forts & property seized by Mississippi
  • Jan 10 Florida secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 11 Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform
  • Jan 11 Alabama secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 12 Florida state troops demand surrender of Fort Pickens (US Civil War)
  • Jan 14 Fort Pikens, Florida, falls into state hands (US Civil War)

InventionHistoric Invention

Jan 15 Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Jan 19 Misssissippi troops take Fort Massachusetts and Ship Island (US Civil War)
  • Jan 19 Georgia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 21 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign (U.S Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Jan 24 Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens
  • Jan 25 Arsenal Augustaseized by Confederacy in Georgia (US Civil War)
  • Jan 26 Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 29 US state of Kansas admitted to the Union as the 34th state
  • Jan 31 Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod" premieres in Weimar
  • Jan 31 State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (U.S Civil War)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 2 Helen Herron Taft, 1st lady (1909-12)
  • Jan 3 William Renshaw, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1881-6, 89), born in Leamington Spa, England (d. 1904)
  • Jan 3 Ernest Renshaw, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1888), born in Leamington, England (d. 1889)
  • Jan 6 Heinrich Gottlieb Noren, composer
  • Jan 6 George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • Jan 12 James Mark Baldwin, American Philosopher and Psychologist, born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • Jan 13 Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • Jan 14 Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf), born in Cunewalde, Germany (d. 1903)
  • Jan 18 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist
  • Jan 18 Raymond Huntington Woodman, composer
  • Jan 22 Karel Stecker, composer
  • Jan 30 Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler [Martin Karl Löffler], German-born US violinist and composer, born in Schöneberg, Germany (d. 1935)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2 Frederick William IV, King of Prussia (1840-61) and Germany (1849-61), dies at 65
  • Jan 17 Lola Montez, Irish-born adventurer (b. 1821)
  • Jan 31 Franciscus J van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman, dies at 53