What Happened in January 1861

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
  • Jan 2 Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • Jan 2 South Carolina seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • Jan 3 Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
  • Jan 3 US Fort Pulaski and Fort Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
  • Jan 4 US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama
  • Jan 5 250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • Jan 5 Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan & Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • Jan 6 Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola
  • Jan 6 NYC mayor proposes NY become a free city, trading with North and South
  • Jan 7 Florida troops takeover Fort Marion at St Augustine (US Civil War)
  • Jan 8 US Civil War: Union forces abandon Fort Barrancas in favor of Fort Pikens on Santa Rosa Island, near Pensacola, Florida

Battle of Fort Sumter

Jan 9 A Union merchant ship, the Star of the West, is fired upon as it tries to deliver supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina

  • Jan 9 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 10 Florida secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 10 Fort Jackson & Fort Philip are taken over by LA state troops (US Civil War)
  • Jan 10 US forts & property seized by Mississippi
  • Jan 11 Alabama secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 11 Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform
  • Jan 12 Florida state troops demand surrender of Fort Pickens (US Civil War)

Historic Invention

Jan 15 Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

  • Jan 15 US Civil War: Union forces at Fort Pikens on Santa Rosa Island near Pensacola, Florida refuse Florida Militia demand to surrender
  • Jan 19 Georgia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 19 Mississippi troops take Fort Massachusetts and Ship Island (US Civil War)

Historic Event

Jan 21 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign (U.S Civil War)

  • Jan 24 Federal troops from Fort Monroe are sent to Fort Pikens on Santa Rosa Island near Pensacola, Florida
  • Jan 25 Arsenal Augustaseized by Confederacy in Georgia (US Civil War)
  • Jan 26 Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Jan 29 US state of Kansas admitted to the Union as the 34th state
  • Jan 31 Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod" premieres in Weimar
  • Jan 31 State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (U.S Civil War)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 2 Helen Herron Taft, American First lady (1909-13) as wife of President William Howard Taft, planted Washington's cherry trees, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1943)
  • Jan 3 Ernest Renshaw, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1888), born in Leamington, England (d. 1899)
  • Jan 3 William Renshaw, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1881-6, 89), born in Leamington Spa, England (d. 1904)
  • Jan 5 Heinrich Gottlieb Noren, Austrian violinist and composer (Kaleidoscope), born in Graz (d. 1928)
  • Jan 6 George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • Jan 6 Victor Horta, Belgium architect, founder of Art Nouveau movement (Hôtel Tassel), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1947)
  • Jan 12 James Mark Baldwin, American philosopher & psychologist, born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1934)
  • Jan 13 Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • Jan 14 Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf), born in Cunewalde, Germany (d. 1903)
  • Jan 18 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist (alumino-thermic process), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1923)
  • Jan 18 Raymond Huntington Woodman, American organist, choirmaster (Brooklyn First Pres­by­ter­i­an Church, 1880–1941), and hymn composer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1943)
  • Jan 22 Karel Stecker, Czech organist, pedagogue, and composer of organ and sacred music, born on Kosmanos, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1918)
  • Jan 30 Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler [Martin Karl Löffler], German-American violinist and composer, born in Schöneberg, Germany (d. 1935)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2 Frederick William IV, King of Prussia (1840-61) & Germany (1849-61), dies at 65
  • Jan 17 Lola Montez, Irish-born adventurer (b. 1821)
  • Jan 18 John Heathcoat, English inventor of lace-making machinery, dies at 77
  • Jan 22 Giovanni Battista Velluti, Italian castrato singer 'the last great castrato', dies at 80
  • Jan 31 Franciscus J van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman, dies at 53