On This Day

What Happened in November 1861

Historical Events

Historic Event

Nov 1 General George McClellan made general in chief of Union armies

  • Nov 2 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Frémont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter
  • Nov 3 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina begins, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Nov 4 University of Washington founded in Seattle

Election of Interest

Nov 6 Jefferson Davis elected to 6 year term as US Confederate President

Victory in Battle

Nov 7 Battle of Belmont, fought in Mississippi County, Missouri begins, first combat test for Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant, Union victory (US Civil War)

  • Nov 7 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina ends, Union forces capture Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard (US Civil War)
  • Nov 8 Battle of Mount Ivy, Kentucky: Union Commander General William "Bull" Nelson breaks up Confederate recruiting camp

Historic Event

Nov 8 USS San Jacinto commanded by Charles Wilkes captures two Confederate diplomats from the British mail steamer Trent, almost causing a war between the US and the UK

  • Nov 9 1st documented Canadian football game (at U of Toronto)
  • Nov 13 A letter is written by Reverend Mark R. Watkinson petitioning the Treasury Department to "recognize Almighty God" on American coins; the department eventually decides on the motto "In God We Trust"
  • Nov 18 The first provisional meeting of the Confederate Congress is held in Richmond, Virginia
  • Nov 19 American abolitionist Julia Ward Howe commits lyrics of "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
  • Nov 19 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts
  • Nov 20 Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government
  • Nov 22 Battle of Fort McRee, Florida
  • Nov 24 Luik-Visé-Maastricht railway opens
  • Nov 26 West Virginia created as a result of dispute over slavery with Virginia
  • Nov 28 Confederate congress officially admits Missouri to Confederacy
  • Nov 30 Harper's Weekly publishes EE Beers' "All quiet along the Potomac"

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 3 Johann Peter Kirsch, Luxembourg church historian and archaeologist, born in Dippach, Luxembourg (d. 1941)

James Naismith

Nov 6 James Naismith, Canadian-American physical educator and inventor (basketball, football helmet), born in Almonte, Ontario (d. 1939)

  • Nov 7 Jeff Milton, American lawman, born in Marianna, Florida (d. 1947)
  • Nov 10 Robert T. A. Innes, Scottish astronomer (Proxima Centauri), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • Nov 14 Frederick Jackson Turner, Wisc, historian/educator (Harvard U)
  • Nov 16 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, born in Kladno, Bohemia (1933)
  • Nov 18 Dorothy Dix [Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer], American journalist and columnist, born in Woodstock, Tennessee (d. 1951)
  • Nov 22 Ranavalona III, Queen of Madagascar (1883-1897) last sovereign of Madagascar, born in Amparibe, Madagascar (d. 1917)
  • Nov 23 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • Nov 24 João da Cruz, Brazilian poet, born in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil (d. 1898)

Albert B. Fall

Nov 26 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Frankfort, Kentucky

  • Nov 30 Franz Gailliard, Belgian painter (Zeustempel in Athens), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • Nov 30 Ludwig Thuille, Austrian composer (sextet for piano and wind quintet), born in Bozen, Tyrol (now Bozano, Italy) (d. 1907)

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 11 Pedro V van Alcantara, King of Portugal (1853-61), dies at 24
  • Nov 13 Arthur Hugh Clough, English poet, friend of Matthew Arnold, dies at 42
  • Nov 28 Robert Fuhrer, Czech composer, dies at 54