What Happened in 1862

Important Events

  • Feb 25 First Legal Tender Act 1862 is passed by the US Congress, authorizing the United States Note (greenback) into circulation, the first fiat paper money that was legal tender in America
  • Apr 20 First pasteurization test completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard
  • Apr 29 New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
  • May 20 US Homestead Act becomes law which provides cheap land for the settlement of the American West
  • Jun 2 Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virgina during US Civil War
  • Jun 19 Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • Sep 4 General Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederate troops during Maryland Campaign (US Civil war)
  • Sep 17 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • Sep 22 US President Abraham Lincoln says he will free slaves in all states on Jan 1
  • Sep 30 Prussia Minister President Otto von Bismarck's delivers his "Blood & Iron" speech
More Historical Events

1862 in Sport

  • Dec 25 40,000 watch Union army men play baseball at Hilton Head, South Carolina

Did You Know?

Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

On July 4, 1862


World Leaders in 1862

Famous People in 1862

Famous Weddings

  • Apr 27 Chemist Dmitri Mendeleev (28) weds Feozva Nikitichna Leshcheva at Nikolaev Engineering Institute's church in Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Sep 16 Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis
  • Sep 23 Russian novelist and author of "War and Peace" Leo Tolstoy (34) marries Sophia Andreevna Behrs (18) daughter of a physician