On This Day

What Happened in 1862

Historical Events

  • Feb 25 First Legal Tender Act 1862 is passed by the US Congress, authorizing the United States note (greenback) into circulation, the first fiat paper money that was legal tender in America
  • Apr 20 First pasteurization test completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard
  • Apr 29 New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
  • May 20 US President Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for the settlement of the American West (80 million acres by 1900)
  • Jun 2 Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virginia during the American Civil War
  • Jun 19 Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • Aug 29 Second Battle of Bull Run, fought in Manassas, Virginia begins, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • Aug 30 Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia ends with a Confederate victory over Union forces
  • Sep 4 General Lee begins the Maryland Campaign invading the North with 50,000 Confederate troops (US Civil war)
  • Sep 17 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • Sep 22 US President Abraham Lincoln issues preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, threatening to free all enslaved people in the rebel southern states if those states fail to re-join the Union by January 1, 1863 [1]
  • Sep 23 Otto von Bismarck appointed Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Prussia by King Wilhelm I
  • Sep 30 Prussia Minister President Otto von Bismarck's delivers his "Blood & Iron" speech
  • Nov 4 American inventor Richard Jordan Gatling patents the hand cranked Gatling machine gun in Indianapolis
  • More Historical Events

1862 in Sport

  • Dec 25 40,000 watch Union army men play baseball at Hilton Head, South Carolina

Did You Know?

Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

On July 4, 1862

Famous Weddings

  • Apr 27 Chemist Dmitri Mendeleev (28) weds Feozva Nikitichna Leshcheva at Nikolaev Engineering Institute's church in Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Sep 16 Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis
  • Sep 23 Russian novelist and author of "War and Peace" Leo Tolstoy (34) marries Sophia Andreevna Behrs (18) daughter of a physician