What Happened in August 1862

Historical Events

  • Aug 4 US government collects its 1st income tax
  • Aug 5 Battle of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Union forces prevent Confederate attempts to capture the city
  • Aug 6 Confederate ironclad "Arkansas" is badly damaged in Union attack
  • Aug 9 Battle of Cedar Mountain [Slaughter's Mountain], fought in Culpeper County, Virginia, Confederate victory (US Civil War)

Music Premiere

Aug 9 Hector Berlioz's opera "Beatrice et Benedict" premieres in Baden-Baden, Germany

  • Aug 10 Battle of Nueces River TX
  • Aug 12 Gen John Hunt Morgan & his raiders capture Gallatin, TX

Meeting of Interest

Aug 14 Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president

  • Aug 17 Confederate troops under Kirby Smith enter Kentucky

Historic Event

Aug 18 General Lee's adjutant Major Stuart captured

  • Aug 18 Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed)
  • Aug 21 The Vienna Stadtpark opens its gates.
  • Aug 22 Battle of Catlett's Station, VA
  • Aug 22 Santee Sioux indian attack Fort Ridgely
  • Aug 23 Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
  • Aug 25 US Secretary of War authorizes Gen Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves
  • Aug 28 Battle of Groveton, Virginia (Manassas Plains) [->AUG 19]
  • Aug 28 Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia
  • Aug 28 Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 29 Battle of Aspromonte; Italian royal forces defeat rebels

Second Battle of Bull Run

Aug 29 Second Battle of Bull Run, fought in Manassas, Virginia begins, Confederate victory (US Civil War)

  • Aug 29 US Bureau of Engraving & Printing begins operation
  • Aug 30 Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
  • Aug 30 Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia, ends with a Confederate victory over Union forces

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 M. R. James, English scholar and author (Ghost Stories of an Antiquary), born in Goodnestone, Dover, Kent (d. 1936)
  • Aug 5 Joseph Merrick, "The Elephant Man", born in Leicester, England (d. 1890)
  • Aug 7 Victoria of Baden, Queen of Sweden, born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1931)
  • Aug 11 Carrie Jacobs-Bond, American singer, pianist, songwriter (I Love You Truly; A Perfect Day), born in Janesville, Wisconsin (d. 1946)
  • Aug 16 Amos Alonzo Stagg, American athlete and American football pioneer, born in West Orange, New Jersey (d. 1965)

Claude Debussy

Aug 22 Claude Debussy, French composer (La Mer; Clair de lune), born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1918)

  • Aug 26 Herbert Booth, American son of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1926)

Andrew Fisher

Aug 29 Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (1908-09, 1910-13, 1914-15), born in Crosshouse, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1928)

Maurice Maeterlinck

Aug 29 Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian playwright, poet and author (Blue Bird, Nobel 1911), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1949)


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Famous Deaths

  • Aug 5 Thomas Williams, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 47
  • Aug 6 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa, Uruguayan poet (Toraidas), dies at 71
  • Aug 9 Charles S. Winder, Confederate General killed at the Battle of Cedar Mountain Virginia, at 32
  • Aug 9 Joseph Bennett Plummer, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 42 or 46
  • Aug 10 Hon'inbō Shūsaku, Japanese professional Go player, dies at 33
  • Aug 22 Henry Bohlen, German/US brigadier general (Union), dies in battle at 51
  • Aug 30 Charles Bernard Desormes, French Physicist and Chemist (carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide compositions), dies at 91
  • Aug 31 George William Taylor, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Aug 31 Ignaz Assmayer, Austrian organist and liturgical composer, dies at 72