On This Day

What Happened in February 1862

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"

Historic Event

Feb 1 Ralph Waldo Emerson and Charles Sumner meet with President Abraham Lincoln at The White House, Washington

Victory in Battle

Feb 6 General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee

  • Feb 6 American Civil War: Naval engagement on Tennessee River, USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
  • Feb 6 Ulysses S. Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
  • Feb 7 Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
  • Feb 8 Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound

Music Premiere

Feb 10 Julius Benedict and Dion Boucicault's opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres at Convent Garden in London

  • Feb 10 Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
  • Feb 13 -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • Feb 14 Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
  • Feb 15 Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • Feb 16 Fort Donelson is captured by General Ulysses S. Grant following the surrender of around 12,000 Confederate soldiers
  • Feb 21 US Confederate Constitution and presidency come into effect, last until the end of the Civil War in 1865

Victory in Battle

Feb 21 Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Valverde, Confederate Arizona (now New Mexico)

1st US One-Dollar Notes

Feb 25 Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving and Printing to print newly issued US paper currency, the United States Notes

Historic Event

Feb 25 First Legal Tender Act 1862 is passed by the US Congress, authorizing the United States Note (greenback) into circulation, the first fiat paper money that was legal tender in America

  • Feb 26 Battle of Woodburn, Kentucky
  • Feb 28 Charles Gounod's opera "La Reine de Saba" premieres in Paris

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 5 Felipe Villanueva y Gutierrez, Mexican composer
  • Feb 7 Bernard Maybeck, US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, San Francisco)
  • Feb 10 W H "Gobo" Ashley, cricketer (7 wkts in 1 Test for South Africa 1889)
  • Feb 13 Karel Weis, Czech composer and folk song collector, born in Prague (d. 1944)
  • Feb 17 Edward German (Jones), English composer (Merrie England), born in Whitchurch, Shropshire (d. 1936)
  • Feb 17 Mori Ōgai, Japanese novelist and poet (d. 1922)
  • Feb 22 Karen Hulda Garborg[-Bergersen], Norwegian playwright (Mot Solen/Eli)
  • Feb 27 Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect (restored Panathinaiko Stadium 1896 Olympics Athens) and shooter (Olympic bronze trap, single shot 1908), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1937)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 3 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), dies at 87
  • Feb 7 František Jan Škroup, Czech composer (Kde domov můj? - Czech national anthem), dies at 61
  • Feb 11 Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
  • Feb 20 Francisco Balagtas, Filipino poet (Florante at Laura), dies at 73
  • Feb 21 Nathaniel Gordon is hanged in NYC for engaging in the slave trade, the only slave trader in US history to be convicted and executed under the Piracy Law of 1820
  • Feb 21 Justinus Kerner, German physician and medical writer (first detailed description of botulism), dies at 75
  • Feb 24 Bernhard Severin Ingemann, Danish author (Holger Danske), dies at 72
  • Feb 27 Gabriele dell' Addolorata, patron of Italian Catholic youth, dies at 23