What Happened in July 1862

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
  • Jul 1 Congress outlaws polygamy for the 1st time
  • Jul 1 Battle of Malvern Hill [Poindexter's Farm], day 7 of 7 days battles, Union forces repel Confederate attack, Tactical Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Jul 1 Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
  • Jul 1 US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco and on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
  • Jul 1 The Russian State Library is founded in Moscow
  • Jul 2 Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • Jul 4 R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
  • Jul 6 Skirmish at Devall's Bluff, Arkansas (106 casualties)
  • Jul 7 Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
  • Jul 8 Theodore R. Timby is granted a US patent for discharging guns in a revolving turret, using electricity
  • Jul 9 General John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky
  • Jul 10 US begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
  • Jul 11 Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • Jul 12 US Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • Jul 12 Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
  • Jul 13 Battle of Murfreesboro, fought in Rutherford County, Tennessee begins (Forrest's Raid), Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • Jul 15 CSS Arkansas vs USS Carondelet & Queen of the West engage at Yazoo River

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 David Farragut is 1st Rear Admiral in US Navy

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Jul 17 Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River Mississippi: USS Potomac Expedition
  • Jul 17 US army authorized to accept blacks as laborers
  • Jul 17 United army officially divides corps
  • Jul 17 John Hunt Morgan's raid reaches Cynthiana, Kentucky
  • Jul 18 Battle of Newburgh, Indiana - captured by Union forces
  • Jul 20 Guerrilla campaign in Georgia (Porter's & Poindexter's) [->SEP 20]
  • Jul 27 Hurricane hits Canton; about 40,000 die
  • Jul 27 Steamer "Golden Gate" burns and sinks off west coast of Mexico
  • Jul 28 Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 2 William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
  • Jul 3 Friedrich Ernst Koch, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1927)
  • Jul 11 Liza Lehmann, English composer, born in London (d. 1918)
  • Jul 14 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, born in Williamstown, Massachusetts (d. 1945)
  • Jul 14 Gustav Klimt, Austrian Art Nouveau painter
  • Jul 16 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, American journalist and civil rights activist, born in Holly Springs, Mississippi (d. 1931)
  • Jul 18 Victor, Prince Napoléon (Napoléon V ), French pretender to throne, born in Palais-Royal, Paris (d. 1926)
  • Jul 18 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • Jul 24 Johan A de Sleeve [Adwaita], philosopher and poet (Brahman)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 3 William Barksdale, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 40
  • Jul 5 Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (b. 1800)
  • Jul 15 David Emanuel Twiggs, US Confederate gen-mjr (Monterrey), dies at 72

Person of interestMartin Van Buren

Jul 24 Martin Van Buren, 8th US President (1837-41), dies of heart failure at 79

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren