On This Day

What Happened in September 1862

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 Battle at Chantilly (Ox Hill) Virginia (2100 casualties)
  • Sep 1 Federal tax levied on tobacco

Historic Event

Sep 4 General Lee begins the Maryland Campaign invading the North with 50,000 Confederate troops (US Civil war)

  • Sep 4 North Beach & Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco
  • Sep 5 General Lee crosses Potomac & enters Maryland

Historic Event

Sep 6 Stonewall Jackson occupies Frederick, Maryland

  • Sep 9 Robert E. Lee splits his army & sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry
  • Sep 11 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris Sr retains his title; beats Willie Park Sr. by 3 strokes
  • Sep 12 Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
  • Sep 14 Battle at Crampton's Gap: Union troops win a tactical victory over Confederate forces
  • Sep 14 Battle at South Mountain: Union troops defeat an outnumbered Confederate force
  • Sep 14 Battle of Munfordville, Kentucky, begins
  • Sep 14 Federal troops escape from beleaguered Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • Sep 14 Skirmish at Fox's Gap, American Civil War
  • Sep 15 Confederates conquer Union-weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • Sep 16 Gen Bragg's army surrounds 4,000 federals at Munfordville, KY
  • Sep 17 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • Sep 17 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
  • Sep 17 Battle of Mumfordville, Kentucky, US Col J Wilder surrenders city
  • Sep 17 American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
  • Sep 18 Confederate armies officially divide into corps
  • Sep 18 General Read army pulls out of Antietam Creek Virginia
  • Sep 19 -20] Battle at Blackford's Ford, Virginia
  • Sep 19 Battle at Iuka Mississippi (1,700 casualties)

Historic Event

Sep 22 US President Abraham Lincoln issues preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, threatening to free all enslaved people in the rebel southern states if those states fail to re-join the Union by January 1, 1863 [1]

  • Sep 23 US President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation is published in northern newspapers [1]

The German Empire

Sep 23 Otto von Bismarck appointed Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Prussia by King Wilhelm I

  • Sep 24 Confederate Congress adopts confederacy seal
  • Sep 25 Skirmish at Davis' Bridge, Tennessee
  • Sep 30 First Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • Sep 30 Prussia Minister President Otto von Bismarck's delivers his "Blood & Iron" speech

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Adolphe Appia, Swiss set designer/theorist
  • Sep 1 Alphons Diepenbrock, Dutch composer [or Sept 2]
  • Sep 2 Franjo Krežma, Croatian violinist (d. 1881)

O. Henry

Sep 11 O. Henry [William Sydney Porter], American short story writer (Cabbages and Kings), born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 1910)

  • Sep 11 Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, British army officer, born in Wrotham Park, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1935)
  • Sep 11 Hawley Harvey Crippen [Dr Crippen], American homeopath and first killer to be caught with the aid of wireless telegraphy, born in Coldwater, Michigan (d. 1910)
  • Sep 13 Dirk Bos, Dutch Liberal 2nd Member of Parliament, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1916)
  • Sep 19 Adeline De Walt Reynolds, American actress (Son of Dracula), born in Benton County, Iowa (d. 1961)
  • Sep 21 James E. Talmage, English religious leader (LDS Church apostle), born in Hungerford, Berkshire, England (d. 1933)
  • Sep 21 Johan Castberg, Norwegian politician (Castbergian Child Laws protecting extra-martial children), born in Brevik, Norway (d. 1926)
  • Sep 25 Léon Boëllmann, French organist and composer (Variations Symphoniques; Suite Gothique), born in Ensisheim, Alsace, France (d. 1897)
  • Sep 25 Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor, Nationalist: 1915-23), born in London (d. 1952)

Louis Botha

Sep 27 Louis Botha, Boer general and statesman, 1st Prime Minister of South Africa (1910-19), born in Greytown, Natal (d. 1919)

  • Sep 30 Georgy Eduardovich Konyus (Conus), Russian composer, and music theorist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1933)

Famous Weddings

  • Sep 16 Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis

Leo Tolstoy

Sep 23 Russian novelist and author of "War and Peace" Leo Tolstoy (34) marries Sophia Andreevna Behrs (18) daughter of a physician

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 1 Isaac Ingalls Stevens, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 44
  • Sep 1 Oliver Tilden, of the Bronx, killed in Civil War in Virginia
  • Sep 1 Philip "Phil" Kearny, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 48
  • Sep 2 Thornton F Brodhead, US lawyer/politician/brigadier general, dies at 40
  • Sep 10 Carlos Antonio López, 1st President of Paraguay (1844-62), dies at 71
  • Sep 14 Jesse Lee Reno, Union general-major (Reno Nevada), dies at 39
  • Sep 14 Samuel Garland Jr, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 31
  • Sep 17 Lawrence O'Bryan Branch, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 41
  • Sep 17 William Edwin Starke, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 48
  • Sep 19 [Lewis] Henry Little, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 45
  • Sep 29 William "Bull" Nelson, Union general-major, murdered after an argument by fellow Union officer General Jefferson C. Davis at 38
  • Sep 30 Isaac Peace Rodman, American banker and Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injury at about 40