What Happened in 1863

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln to free slaves in US confederate states
  • Mar 19 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • Apr 21 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters garden of Rivden near Baghdad. He makes his declaration as a Messenger of God during the 12 days spent there
  • Jul 1 Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; Lee's northward advance halted
  • Jul 3 Battle of Gettysburg, largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War
  • Jul 12 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • Jul 30 Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah
  • Oct 26 International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields - beginning of the Red Cross
  • Nov 19 US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; "Four score and seven years ago..."
  • Dec 8 Abraham Lincoln issues his Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of the South
  • More Historical Events

1863 in Sport

  • Oct 26 Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer, splitting with rugby

Did You Know?

Patent granted for a process of making color photographs

On November 23, 1863

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