What Happened in April 1863

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • Apr 2 Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
  • Apr 7 Battle of Charleston, South Carolina failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • Apr 10 Confederate General Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tennessee
  • Apr 11 Battle of Suffolk, Virginia (Norfleet House)
  • Apr 12 -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • Apr 13 Battle of Irish Bend, Louisiana (Fort Bisland)
  • Apr 13 Society for the Relief of the Ruptured and Crippled is incorporated in the State of New York
  • Apr 14 American inventor William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • Apr 17 Grierson's raid begins as Colonel Grierson and 1700 horse troopers set off from La Grange, Tennessee
  • Apr 19 Union troops and fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • Apr 21 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters garden of Rivden near Baghdad. He makes his declaration as a Messenger of God during the 12 days spent there
  • Apr 24 Skirmish at Okolona and Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • Apr 27 Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • Apr 29 Battle of Grand Gulf, Mississippi: Union navy ironclad warships attack Confederate fortifications

Victory in Battle

Apr 30 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

Victory in Battle

Apr 30 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia: In a major victory General Robert E. Lee's troops defeat larger Army of the Potomac under Major General Joseph Hooker, Stonewall Jackson is fatally wounded

  • Apr 30 Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 2 Mabel Cahill, Irish tennis player (US National C'ship 1891-92), born in Ballyragget, County Kilkenny (d. 1905)
  • Apr 3 Henry Van de Velde, Flemish painter and architect (Art Nouveau), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1957)
  • Apr 12 Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (O Ateneu), born in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1895)
  • Apr 17 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (theory of elasticity), born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1940)
  • Apr 17 Johannes Petrus Boskaljon, Curacaoian composer and conductor, born in Willemstad (d. 1936)
  • Apr 19 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, born in Kirovohrad, Ukraine (d. 1931)
  • Apr 22 C. A. J. van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher, born in Zierikzee, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • Apr 26 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 26 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, born in Sleaford, Lincolnshire (d. 1937)
  • Apr 28 Alfred Zamara Austrian harpist, composer, and teacher, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1940)
  • Apr 29 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)

William Randolph HearstWilliam Randolph Hearst (1863-1951)

Apr 29 American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California


Famous Deaths

  • Apr 4 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver, dies at 73
  • Apr 8 Joseph Netherclift, English composer, dies at 70
  • Apr 10 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
  • Apr 15 Jan Nepomuk Kanka, Czech composer, dies at 90
  • Apr 17 Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general and cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61
  • Apr 18 Job Plimpton, American composer and organ builder, dies at 79