On This Day

What Happened in April 1863

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • Apr 2 Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
  • Apr 7 Battle of Charleston, South Carolina failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • Apr 10 Confederate General Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tennessee
  • Apr 11 Battle of Suffolk, Virginia (Norfleet House)
  • Apr 12 -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • Apr 13 Battle of Irish Bend, Louisiana (Fort Bisland)
  • Apr 13 Society for the Relief of the Ruptured and Crippled is incorporated in the State of New York
  • Apr 14 William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • Apr 17 Grierson's raid begins as Colonel Grierson and 1700 horse troopers set off from La Grange, Tennessee
  • Apr 19 Union troops and fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • Apr 21 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters garden of Rivden near Baghdad. He makes his declaration as a Messenger of God during the 12 days spent there
  • Apr 24 Skirmish at Okolona and Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • Apr 27 Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • Apr 29 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 30 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • Apr 30 Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 2 Mabel Cahill, Irish tennis player (US National C'ship 1891-92), born in Ballyragget, County Kilkenny (d. 1905)
  • Apr 3 Henry Van de Velde, Flemish painter and architect (Art Nouveau), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1957)
  • Apr 12 Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (O Ateneu), born in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1895)
  • Apr 17 Johannes Petrus Boskaljon, Curacaoian composer and conductor, born in Willemstad (d. 1936)
  • Apr 17 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (theory of elasticity), born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1940)
  • Apr 19 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, born in Kirovohrad, Ukraine (d. 1931)
  • Apr 22 C. A. J. van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher, born in Zierikzee, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • Apr 26 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 26 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, born in Sleaford, Lincolnshire (d. 1937)

Person of interestWilliam Randolph Hearst

Apr 29 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1951)

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • Apr 29 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 4 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver, dies at 73
  • Apr 8 Joseph Netherclift, English composer, dies at 70
  • Apr 10 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
  • Apr 15 Jan Nepomuk Kanka, Czech composer, dies at 90
  • Apr 17 Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general and cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61