What Happened in December 1863

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 Confederate General James Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • Dec 4 Storm flood ravages The Netherlands coastal provinces
  • Dec 8 2,500 reported killed as result of fire at Jesuit Church of La Compana, Santiago, Chile

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 Abraham Lincoln issues his Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of the South

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Dec 14 Battle of Bean's Station-Confederacy repulses Union in Tennessee
  • Dec 15 Skirmish at Bean's Station, Tennessee (Knoxville Campaign)
  • Dec 15 Romania's mountain railway, from Anina to Oravita, opens

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Dec 16 Braxton Bragg is replaced by Joseph E. Johnston as commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee

American Military Officer Joseph E. Johnston
American Military Officer
Joseph E. Johnston

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 2 Gustav Wohlgemuth, composer
  • Dec 2 Charles Ringling, American circus owner (d. 1926)
  • Dec 5 Paul P Painlevé, French PM (1917, 1925), mathematician [OS]
  • Dec 6 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist (d. 1914)
  • Dec 7 John Ebenezer West, composer
  • Dec 7 Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer/fascist (Cavalleria Rusticana)
  • Dec 7 Svetolik Rankovic, Serbian writer (Forest King)
  • Dec 7 Felix Calonder, Scuol, Swiss politician (Free Democratic Party)

Person of interestAnnie Jump Cannon

Dec 11 Annie Jump Cannon, American stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification), born in Dover, Delaware (d. 1941)

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon

Person of interestEdvard Munch

Dec 12 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and print maker (The Scream), born in Ådalsbruk, Løten, Norway (d. 1944)

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • Dec 13 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar
  • Dec 15 Arthur D Little, American chemist (patented rayon)
  • Dec 15 Paul [Prudent] Painlevé, French mathematician/minister/premier [NS]
  • Dec 16 George Santayana, Spanish philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)
  • Dec 16 Ralph Adams Cram, American gothic architect (Cathedral of St Joan NYC)
  • Dec 17 Ion Vidu, Romanian composer and conductor, born in Mânerău, Arad district (d. 1931)

Person of interestFranz Ferdinand

Dec 18 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1914)

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • Dec 22 Ch'i Pai-shih, China, traditional Chinese painter
  • Dec 22 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Thoissey France, soldier/explorer (Sudan)
  • Dec 25 Charles Pathé, French pioneer of film and record industries (Pathé Brothers, 1896), born in Paris, France (d. 1957)
  • Dec 31 Alfredo Panzini, Italian author (Dizionario Moderno)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 2 Jane Pierce, American 1st lady (1853-57) and wife of Franklin Pierce, dies of tuberculosis at 57
  • Dec 13 Friedrich Hebbel, writer, dies at 50
  • Dec 22 Michael Corcoran, Union brigadier general, dies at 36
  • Dec 24 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), dies at 52