What Happened in January 1863

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebraska
  • Jan 1 Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city

USAEmancipation Proclamation

Jan 1 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln to free slaves in US confederate states
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The first and last page of the Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Abraham Lincoln
The first and last page of the Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Abraham Lincoln

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • Jan 2 Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • Jan 4 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
  • Jan 4 The New Apostolic Church is established in Germany
  • Jan 8 American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • Jan 9 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • Jan 10 1st underground railway opens in London
  • Jan 10 General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman, Arkansas
  • Jan 10 January uprising begins in Poland
  • Jan 11 Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
  • Jan 11 Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • Jan 12 President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • Jan 13 Chenille yarn making machine patented by William Canter in NYC
  • Jan 14 Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • Jan 15 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • Jan 16 -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • Jan 17 Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • Jan 19 General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
  • Jan 21 City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • Jan 22 Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
  • Jan 25 General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • Jan 26 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • Jan 29 Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • Jan 31 1st black Civil War regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, mustered into US army

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • Jan 1 Pierre de Coubertin, French educator and historian (founder International Olympic Committee), born in Paris, France (d. 1937)
  • Jan 2 Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
  • Jan 12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14 Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator, born in Valkenburg, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • Jan 15 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian
  • Jan 15 Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)

Person of interestDavid Lloyd George

Jan 17 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England (d. 1945)

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Jan 17 Henry Charles Tonking, British organist and composer, born in Camborne, Cornwall (d. 1926)
  • Jan 17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (Stanislavski Method)
  • Jan 19 Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • Jan 28 Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • Jan 31 F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2 Roger Weightman Hanson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in Battle of Murfreesboro at 35
  • Jan 9 Ferdinand Huber, Swiss composer, dies at 71
  • Jan 10 Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader (b. 1775)
  • Jan 15 David Rumph Jones, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 37
  • Jan 17 E J Horace Vernet, French painter, dies at 73