On This Day

What Happened in March 1863

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad

Financier and Railroad Promoter Doc Durant
Financier and Railroad Promoter
Doc Durant
  • Mar 3 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
  • Mar 3 Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3 Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
  • Mar 3 Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3 Idaho Territory forms
  • Mar 4 Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
  • Mar 4 Territory of Idaho established
  • Mar 11 25th Grand National: George Stevens wins his 2nd GN aboard 4/1 Emblem; winning mare's full sister Emblematic wins the following year
  • Mar 17 Battle of Kelly's Ford, Virginia with 211 causalities
  • Mar 19 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • Mar 21 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • Mar 25 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded to six army soldiers by US Secretary of War Edwin Stanton in Washington
  • Mar 25 Skirmish at Brentwood, Tennessee
  • Mar 26 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Mar 30 Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • Mar 31 Battle of Grand Gulf, Mississippi and Dinwiddie Court House, Virginia

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • Mar 10 E J Ratcliffe [Edward], British stage and screen actor, born in London (d. 1948)
  • Mar 11 Andrew Stoddart, cricketer (My Dear Victorious Stod)
  • Mar 11 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist
  • Mar 12 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian poet, writer (Il fuoco, Intruder), playwright and military hero as part of the elite Arditi storm troops, born in Pescara, Italy (d. 1938)
  • Mar 12 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • Mar 20 Ernesto Nazareth, composer
  • Mar 21 Hugo Kaun, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1932)
  • Mar 21 George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d. 1934)
  • Mar 23 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • Mar 25 Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)
  • Mar 27 Henry Royce, English industrialist and automobile founder (Rolls-Royce), born in Alwalton, England (d. 1933)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 10 Prince of Wales, Albert Edward (21) weds Princess Alexandra of Denmark (18) at Windsor Castle in St. George's chapel

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 11 Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)
  • Mar 17 John Pelham, U.S. Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • Mar 21 Edwin Vose Sumner, US Union-general-major (Fair Oaks), dies at 66
  • Mar 28 James Cooper, US attorney/senator/Union-brigadier general, dies at 52