What Happened in October 1863

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
  • Oct 1 Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens
  • Oct 3 Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day
  • Oct 5 Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides
  • Oct 6 Battle at Baxter Springs, Kansas
  • Oct 6 Dr Charles H Sheppard opens 1st public bath, in Brooklyn
  • Oct 9 Battle of Brady Station, Virginia (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)
  • Oct 10 Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties)
  • Oct 11 Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee
  • Oct 13 Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties)
  • Oct 14 Battle at Bristoe Station, Virginia (about 2000 casualties)
  • Oct 14 Skirmish at Catlett's Station, Virginia (Bristoe Campaign)
  • Oct 15 Cliff House opens in San Francisco, 1st of many on the site
  • Oct 16 Grant is given command of Union forces in West
  • Oct 18 Battle of Charlestown, WV
  • Oct 19 Battle of Buckland Mills, Virginia
  • Oct 26 International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields - beginning of the Red Cross
  • Oct 26 Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer, splitting with rugby
  • Oct 27 Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
  • Oct 28 Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • Oct 29 International Committee of Red Cross forms as result Geneva held conference (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963)
  • Oct 31 The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 3 Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov, Russian explorer (d. 1935)
  • Oct 5 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist
  • Oct 8 Edythe Chapman, American actress (Beyond the Rocks), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1948)
  • Oct 9 Alexander Siloti, Russian pianist and composer, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • Oct 10 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (d. 1912)
  • Oct 10 Helen Dunbar, American actress (Fine Manners, Beyond the Rocks), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1933)
  • Oct 11 Xavier Henry Napoleon Leroux, French composer, born in Velletri, Italy (d. 1919)
  • Oct 13 C-E Auguste Rateau, French mining engineer (Rateau steam turbine)
  • Oct 16 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • Oct 19 John Huston Finley, Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • Oct 24 Manuel Manrique de Lara, Spanish composer (The Oresteia), born in Cartagena, Murcia (d. 1929)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 28 Painter Edouard Manet (31) weds Suzanne Leenhoff (34)

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Justinus van de Brugghen, lawyer/minister of Justice, dies
  • Oct 4 Gerrit Schimmelpenninck, earl of Nijenhuis/Peckedam, dies at 69
  • Oct 21 Lambertus GC Ledeboer, Dutch old-reformed vicar, dies at 55
  • Oct 31 Louis Ludwig Blenker, German/US brigadier general (Union), dies at 51