On This Day

What Happened in October 1863

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
  • Oct 1 Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens

Historic Event

Oct 3 US President Abraham Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day

  • Oct 5 Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides
  • Oct 6 Battle at Baxter Springs, Kansas
  • Oct 6 Dr Charles H Sheppard opens 1st public bath, in Brooklyn
  • Oct 9 Battle of Brady Station, Virginia (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)
  • Oct 10 Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties)
  • Oct 11 Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee
  • Oct 13 Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties)
  • Oct 14 Battle at Bristoe Station, Virginia (about 2000 casualties)
  • Oct 15 Cliff House opens in San Francisco, 1st of many on the site
  • Oct 16 Grant is given command of Union forces in West
  • Oct 18 Battle of Charlestown, WV
  • Oct 19 Battle of Buckland Mills, Virginia
  • Oct 26 International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields - beginning of the Red Cross
  • Oct 26 Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer, splitting with rugby
  • Oct 27 Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
  • Oct 28 Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • Oct 29 International Committee of Red Cross forms as result Geneva held conference (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963)
  • Oct 31 The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 3 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • Oct 5 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, born in Berlin (d. 1938)
  • Oct 8 Edythe Chapman, American actress (Beyond the Rocks), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1948)
  • Oct 9 Alexander Siloti, Russian pianist and composer, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • Oct 10 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (lifting 500 pounds (227 kg) with one finger and backlifting 4,337 pounds (1,967 kg)), born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1912)
  • Oct 10 Helen Dunbar, American actress (Fine Manners, Beyond the Rocks), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1933)
  • Oct 11 Xavier Henry Napoleon Leroux, French composer, born in Velletri, Italy (d. 1919)
  • Oct 13 Auguste Rateau, French mining engineer and inventor (Rateau steam turbine), born in Royan, France (d. 1930)
  • Oct 16 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • Oct 19 John Huston Finley, Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • Oct 24 Manuel Manrique de Lara, Spanish composer (The Oresteia), born in Cartagena, Murcia (d. 1929)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Justinus van de Brugghen, lawyer/minister of Justice, dies
  • Oct 4 Gerrit Schimmelpenninck, earl of Nijenhuis/Peckedam, dies at 69
  • Oct 21 Lambertus GC Ledeboer, Dutch old-reformed vicar, dies at 55
  • Oct 31 Louis Ludwig Blenker, German/US brigadier general (Union), dies at 51