What Happened in September 1863

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia
  • Sep 1 Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas
  • Sep 1 Rail & ferry connection between San Francisco & Oakland inaugurated
  • Sep 5 Bread revolt in Mobile, Alabama
  • Sep 6 -7] After 59 day siege Confederate troops vacate Fort Wagner SC (1700 casualties)
  • Sep 7 Federal naval expedition arrives off Sabine Pass
  • Sep 8 -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • Sep 8 Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces
  • Sep 8 Battle of Telford's Depot TN
  • Sep 9 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Sep 10 Georges Bizet's opera "Les Pêcheurs de Perles" premieres in Paris

Composer Georges Bizet
Composer
Georges Bizet
  • Sep 16 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • Sep 17 Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada
  • Sep 18 British Open Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park, Sr. wins his 2nd title; beats rival Tom Morris Sr. by 2 strokes
  • Sep 19 Battle of Chickamauga, GA (near Chattanooga) begins; Union retreat
  • Sep 20 Battle of Shepardstown VA
  • Sep 20 Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga Tenn, ends
  • Sep 21 Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
  • Sep 23 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
  • Sep 27 Jo Shelby's cavalry in action at Moffat's Station, Arkansas
  • Sep 29 Opera "The Pearl Fishers" (Les Pêcheurs de Perles) by Bizet is first produced at the Théâtre Lyrique in Paris

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 6 Rodolfo Lenz, German-Chilian linguist (El Papiamento), born in Halle, Saxony (d. 1938)
  • Sep 8 Gustavo Campa, Mexican composer, born in Mexico City (d. 1934)
  • Sep 13 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Sep 15 Horatio William Parker, composer
  • Sep 18 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • Sep 21 John Bunny, American film comedian, born in NYC, New York (d. 1915)
  • Sep 23 Alexandre EJ Yersin, Swiss/French bacteriologist (bacteria plague)
  • Sep 23 Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
  • Sep 28 Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), born in Ajuda National Palace, Lisbon (d. 1908)
  • Sep 29 Franz Zorell, German RC exegetist/lexicographer
  • Sep 29 Hugo Haase, German SPD-German parliament/revolutionary
  • Sep 30 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (WWI)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 6 Lucius March Walker, Confederate brigadier general (in duel), dies at 33
  • Sep 17 Albartus Telting, Frisian poet (Frisianch Jierboeckjen), dies at 59
  • Sep 17 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), dies at 66
  • Sep 19 Preston Smith, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 39
  • Sep 20 Benjamin Hardin Helm, US attorney/Confederate brigadier general, dies at 33

Person of interestJacob Grimm

Sep 20 Jacob Grimm, German philologist, folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales", dies at 78

Author Jacob Grimm
Author
Jacob Grimm
  • Sep 20 William Haines Lytle, US politician, poet and Brigadier General (Union Army), killed in action during the American Civil War at 36