What Happened in September 1863

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia
  • Sep 1 Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas
  • Sep 1 Rail & ferry connection between San Francisco & Oakland inaugurated
  • Sep 5 Bread revolt in Mobile, Alabama
  • Sep 6 -7] After 59 day siege Confederate troops vacate Fort Wagner SC (1700 casualties)
  • Sep 7 Federal naval expedition arrives off Sabine Pass
  • Sep 8 -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • Sep 8 Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces
  • Sep 8 Battle of Telford's Depot TN
  • Sep 9 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Sep 10 Georges Bizet's opera "Les PĂȘcheurs de Perles" premieres in Paris

Composer Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet
  • Sep 16 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • Sep 17 Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada
  • Sep 18 4th British Golf Open: Willie Park, Sr. shoots a 168 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 19 Battle of Chickamauga, GA (near Chattanooga) begins; Union retreat
  • Sep 20 Battle of Shepardstown VA
  • Sep 20 Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga Tenn, ends
  • Sep 21 Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
  • Sep 23 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
  • Sep 27 Jo Shelby's cavalry in action at Moffat's Station, Arkansas
  • Sep 29 Opera "Pescatori di Perle" is produced (Paris)

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 6 Rodolfo Lenz, German-Chilian linguist (El Papiamento), born in Halle, Saxony (d. 1938)
  • Sep 8 Gustavo Emilio Campa, composer
  • Sep 13 Arthur Henderson, Britain, socialist/disarmament worker (Nobel 1934)
  • Sep 15 Horatio William Parker, composer
  • Sep 18 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Christ-social theologist
  • Sep 21 John Bunny, American film comedian (d. 1915)
  • Sep 23 Alexandre EJ Yersin, Swiss/French bacteriologist (bacteria plague)
  • Sep 23 Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
  • Sep 28 Charles, Lisbon Portugal, king (1889-1908)
  • Sep 29 Franz Zorell, German RC exegetist/lexicographer
  • Sep 29 Hugo Haase, German SPD-German parliament/revolutionary
  • Sep 30 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (WWI)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 6 Lucius March Walker, Confederate brigadier general (in duel), dies at 33
  • Sep 17 Albartus Telting, Frisian poet (Frisianch Jierboeckjen), dies at 59
  • Sep 17 Alfred Victor Comte de Vigny, poet, dies
  • Sep 19 Preston Smith, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 39
  • Sep 20 Benjamin Hardin Helm, US attorney/Confederate brigadier general, dies at 33

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 20 Jacob Grimm, German philologist, folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales", dies at 78

Author Jacob Grimm
Jacob Grimm
  • Sep 20 William Haines Lytle, US politician, poet and Brigadier General (Union Army), killed in action during the American Civil War at 36