On This Day

What Happened in September 1863

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia
  • Sep 1 Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas
  • Sep 1 Rail & ferry connection between San Francisco & Oakland inaugurated
  • Sep 5 Bread revolt in Mobile, Alabama
  • Sep 6 -7] After 59 day siege Confederate troops vacate Fort Wagner SC (1700 casualties)
  • Sep 7 Federal naval expedition arrives off Sabine Pass
  • Sep 8 -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • Sep 8 Battle of Sabine Pass Texas: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces
  • Sep 8 Battle of Telford's Depot, Tennessee
  • Sep 9 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN

Music Premiere

Sep 10 Georges Bizet's opera "Les Pêcheurs de Perles" premieres in Paris

  • Sep 16 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • Sep 17 Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada
  • Sep 18 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park, Sr. wins his 2nd title; beats rival Tom Morris Sr. by 2 strokes

Battle of Interest

Sep 19 Battle of Chickamauga, GA (near Chattanooga) begins; Union forces retreat after a couple days of fighting

  • Sep 20 Battle of Shepardstown VA
  • Sep 20 US Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tennessee ends with a Union withdrawal
  • Sep 21 Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
  • Sep 23 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
  • Sep 27 Jo Shelby's cavalry in action at Moffat's Station, Arkansas
  • Sep 29 Opera "The Pearl Fishers" (Les Pêcheurs de Perles) by Bizet is first produced at the Théâtre Lyrique in Paris

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 6 Rodolfo Lenz, German-Chilian linguist (El Papiamento), born in Halle, Saxony (d. 1938)
  • Sep 8 Gustavo Campa, Mexican composer, born in Mexico City (d. 1934)
  • Sep 13 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Sep 15 Horatio Parker, American organist and composer, born in Auburndale, Massachusetts (d. 1919)
  • Sep 16 John Trumble, Australian cricket all-rounder (7 Tests, 10 wickets; brother of Hugh), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1944)
  • Sep 18 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • Sep 21 John Bunny, American film comedian, born in NYC, New York (d. 1915)
  • Sep 23 Alexandre Yersin, Swiss French bacteriologist (discovered bubonic plague bacillus), born in Aubonne, Switzerland (d. 1943)
  • Sep 23 Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
  • Sep 28 Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), born in Ajuda National Palace, Lisbon (d. 1908)
  • Sep 29 Franz Zorell, German lexicographer and exegete (Hebrew Latin Dictionary), born in Ravensburg (d. 1947)
  • Sep 29 Hugo Haase, German socialist politician (SPD, USPD) and co-chair of the Council of the People's Deputies (1918-19), born in Allenstein, East Prussia (d. 1919)

Reinhard Scheer

Sep 30 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral and commander of the High Seas Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Obernkirchen, Electorate of Hesse (d. 1928)


Famous Deaths

  • Sep 6 Lucius March Walker, Confederate brigadier general (in duel), dies at 33
  • Sep 17 Albartus Telting, Frisian poet (Frisianch Jierboeckjen), dies at 59
  • Sep 17 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), dies at 66
  • Sep 19 Preston Smith, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 39
  • Sep 20 Benjamin Hardin Helm, US attorney/Confederate brigadier general, dies at 33

Jacob Grimm

Sep 20 Jacob Grimm, German philologist, folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales", dies at 78

  • Sep 20 William Haines Lytle, US politician, poet and Brigadier General (Union Army), killed in action during the American Civil War at 36