On This Day

What Happened in April 1864

Historical Events

  • Apr 2 Skirmish at Crump's Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana
  • Apr 2 Skirmish at Spoonville, Antoine, Arkansas
  • Apr 3 Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • Apr 4 Skirmish at Elkin's Ford (Little Missouri River), Arkansas
  • Apr 8 Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana; Federals routed by General Richard Taylor
  • Apr 9 Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, Confederate assault repulsed by Union side with high cost of estimated 3,100 causalities
  • Apr 9 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War

Historic Event

Apr 10 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

  • Apr 12 Battle of Blair's Landing, Louisiana

Victory in Battle

Apr 12 Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tennessee

  • Apr 15 General Steeles' Union troops occupies Camden, Arkansas
  • Apr 17 Battle of Plymouth, North Carolina
  • Apr 17 Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
  • Apr 17 Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
  • Apr 18 Battle of Poison Springs, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
  • Apr 18 Battle of Dybbøl: Denmark is defeated by Prussian and Austrian forces storming Dybbol fort in the deciding battle of the Second Schleswig War
  • Apr 22 US mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
  • Apr 23 Battle of Cane River, Louisiana (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)
  • Apr 25 Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
  • Apr 29 -30] Skirmish at Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas
  • Apr 29 The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York

Battle of Gate Pā

Apr 29 Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina): 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga

  • Apr 30 Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; General W R Scurry is killed
  • Apr 30 New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Marie Jungius, Dutch fairy tale writer
  • Apr 9 Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, English electrical engineer and inventor, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1930)
  • Apr 10 Eugene Francis Charles D'Albert, German pianist and composer (Golem), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1932)
  • Apr 10 Tully Marshall, American actor (Let's Go, Red Dust), born in Nevada City, California (d. 1943)
  • Apr 18 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)
  • Apr 21 Max Weber, German sociologist, economist and historian (Ancient Judaism), born in Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • Apr 22 Phil May, English cartoonist, born in Wortley, Leeds (d. 1903)
  • Apr 24 George August Alexander Alting von Geusau, Dutch Minister of War (1918-20), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • Apr 24 George Foottit, English clown, born in Manchester, United Kingdom (d. 1921)
  • Apr 28 William Frederick Archdall Ellison, Irish clergyman and director (Armagh Observatory)
  • Apr 30 Frans Netscher, Dutch writer and journalist (Studies of nude model), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • Apr 30 Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (I Saw Estonia Yesterday), born in Allatzkiwwi, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1913)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 2 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria, seventh child and fourth daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, dies at 38
  • Apr 4 Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (b. 1808)
  • Apr 12 Thomas Green, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 50
  • Apr 13 Johann Schneider, German composer & organist, dies at 74
  • Apr 22 Joseph Gilbert Totten, US Union general-major, dies at 75
  • Apr 29 Charles-Julien Brianchon, French mathematician (Brianchon's theorem), dies at 80

Abraham Gesner

Apr 29 Abraham Gesner, Canadian geologist (inventor of kerosene), dies at 66