What Happened in August 1864

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 Saratoga Racecourse, America's oldest Thoroughbred racetrack, opens its inaugural meet with four days of racing
  • Aug 4 Land & naval action new Brazos Santiago, Texas

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 5 Battle of Mobile Bay, won by the Union Army led by Rear Admiral Farragut with the cry "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!" (US Civil War)

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Aug 5 Spectrum of a comet observed for 1st time, by Giovanni Donati
  • Aug 6 Confederate forces evacuate Fort Powell in Mobile Bay, Alabama
  • Aug 7 Battle of Moorefield, West Virginia
  • Aug 8 Comet C/1864 N1 (Tempel) approaches within 0.0964 AUs of Earth
  • Aug 8 Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Gaines, Alabama
  • Aug 9 Battle of Ft Morgan AL
  • Aug 13 Battle of Deep Bottom VA (Strawberry Plains) & Fussell's Mill VA
  • Aug 14 -16] Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
  • Aug 14 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia: Federal assault
  • Aug 15 Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners
  • Aug 16 Federal assault on 4th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
  • Aug 16 Palace for People's industry official opens in Amsterdam
  • Aug 18 6th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia: Confederate assault

  • Aug 18 Battle of Petersburg: Battle of Weldon Railroad day 1 of a 3 day battle
  • Aug 19 2nd day of battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia
  • Aug 20 8th/last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Va (about 3,900 casualties)
  • Aug 21 BBT Charleston, South Carolina [->DEC 31]
  • Aug 21 Battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia, ends after 2500 casualties
  • Aug 21 Battle of Grubbs Crossroads, KY
  • Aug 21 Battle of Summit Point, VA
  • Aug 21 Major Gen Nathan B Forrests assault on Memphis, Tennessee
  • Aug 22 First Geneva Convention adopted in Geneva "for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field"
  • Aug 22 First Geneva Convention, governing the protection of victims in warfare, signed by 12 nations
  • Aug 23 Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Morgan, Alabama
  • Aug 25 Combination rail & ferry service available from San Francisco to Alameda
  • Aug 25 Battle of Petersburg: Battle of Ream's Station
  • Aug 29 William Huggins discovers chemical composition of nebulae
  • Aug 31 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 5 Resurreccion Maria de Azkue, composer
  • Aug 8 Henri de Vries [Hendricus Van Walterop], Dutch actor (Cleopatra, White Cargo), born in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1949)
  • Aug 16 Ferdinand C. S. Schiller, German-British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx), born in Altona, Holstein, German Confederation (d. 1937)
  • Aug 23 Eleftherios K. Venizalos, Premier of Greece (1910-15, 28-32), born in Mournies, Greece (d. 1936)
  • Aug 31 Max Wilhelm Zach, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 5 Griffin A Stedman, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies in battle at 26
  • Aug 7 Li Xiucheng, late Taiping's Field Marshal and soul person.(b. 1823)
  • Aug 12 Sakuma Shōzan, Japanese reformer (b. 1811)
  • Aug 15 Daniel Phineas Woodbury, US engineer/Union general-major, dies
  • Aug 16 John Randolph Chambliss Jr, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 31
  • Aug 20 Daniel Chaplin, US Union brigadier general, dies
  • Aug 20 John H Kelly, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 24
  • Aug 21 John Calhoun Sanders, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 24
  • Aug 31 Ferdinand Lassalle, French socialist and political activist (Allgemeiner), dies at 39