On This Day

What Happened in December 1864

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, TN to Saltville, VA
  • Dec 1 Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia
  • Dec 2 Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia
  • Dec 3 Skirmish at Thomas' Station, Georgia
  • Dec 4 Battle of Waynesborough (Brier Creek), Georgia
  • Dec 4 Romanian Jews are forbidden to practise law
  • Dec 6 Battle of Deveaux's Neck, South Carolina
  • Dec 7 Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia
  • Dec 8 Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum")

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 The Clifton Suspension Bridge, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is finally opened in Bristol, England, 5 years after his death

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Dec 8 James Clerk Maxwell's paper "A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field" is 1st read by the Royal Society in London (published by the Royal Society 1865)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 General Sherman's armies reach Savannah & 12 day siege begins

  • Dec 13 Battle of Fort McAllister, Georgia

BattleDeclaration of War

Dec 13 War of the Triple Alliance: Paraguay officially declares war on Brazil, invades the next day

President of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
President of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 3 Herman Heijermans, Dutch writer (Kamertjeszonde, Diamond City), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • Dec 6 William S. Hart, American silent film actor (Wild Bill Hickok, Tumbleweeds), born in Newburgh, New York (d. 1946)
  • Dec 9 Sidney Homer, American composer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1953)
  • Dec 9 Willoughby Hamilton, Irish tennis player (Wimbledon 1890), born in Monasterevin, Kildare (d. 1943)
  • Dec 12 Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist, born in Saint Louis, Missouri (d. 1937)
  • Dec 13 Emil Seidel, German-American politician (36th Mayor of Milwaukee), born in Ashland, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)
  • Dec 17 John Felix August Korling, composer
  • Dec 19 Adolf Sandberger, composer
  • Dec 23 Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (d. 1890)
  • Dec 25 Thomas Cahill, American soccer coach and administrator (first coach US men's national team), born in NYC, NY (d. 1951)
  • Dec 27 René Georges Hermann-Paul, French artist (d. 1940)
  • Dec 30 Alessandro Longo, Italian composer and musicologist, born in Amantea, Italy (d. 1945)
  • Dec 31 Robert G Aitken, American astronomer (Binary Stars), born in Jackson, California (d. 1951)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 2 Archibald Gracie III, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at Siege of Petersburg, Virginia aged 32
  • Dec 8 George Boole, English mathematician (Boolean algebra), dies at 49
  • Dec 10 Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer and geologist, dies at 71
  • Dec 21 William Henry Fry, American composer, dies at 51
  • Dec 21 Archduke Louis of Austria, 14th child of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Feldmarschal-Leutnant of Austrian Imperial Army, dies at 80
  • Dec 31 George Mifflin Dallas, American politician (11th Vice President of the United States) and United States Minister to Russia, dies at 72