On This Day

What Happened in July 1864

Historical Events

  • Jul 2 General Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 2 Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • Jul 3 Battle of Chattahoochie River, Georgia [until Jul 9]
  • Jul 3 Harpers Ferry, West Virginia - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance
  • Jul 5 Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia (Skirmish at Pace's Ferry) fought during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War
  • Jul 5 Battle of Smith's Expedition, Mississippi (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
  • Jul 8 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • Jul 9 Battle of Monocacy, Maryland, confederate forces led by Lieutenant General Jubal Early
  • Jul 11 Confederate forces led by General Jubal Early begin invasion of Washington, D.C. with the Battle of Fort Stevens
  • Jul 13 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • Jul 14 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • Jul 15 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • Jul 17 CSA President Davis replaces General Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood

Historic Event

Jul 18 US President Abraham Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service

  • Jul 19 Third Battle of Winchester, Virginia (Stephenson's Depot) [->JUL 20]
  • Jul 20 Battle at Stephenson's Depot, Virginia: 200 killed or injured
  • Jul 20 Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign

Victory in Battle

Jul 22 Battle of Atlanta: General Sherman's Union side defeats Confederate troops under General Hood, with 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US casualties

  • Jul 26 -31] Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station, Georgia
  • Jul 26 -31] Riot at Stoneman's to Macon, Georgia
  • Jul 26 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
  • Jul 27 Battle of Darbytown, Virginia (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
  • Jul 28 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia

Battle of Interest

Jul 28 Battle of Atlanta, Georgia (Ezra Church) - second sortie US700 CS4642

  • Jul 29 American Civil War: Battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia, 3rd and last day
  • Jul 29 American Civil War: Battle of Macon, Georgia (Stoneman's Raid)
  • Jul 30 Battle of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania - burned by Union forces under McCausland
  • Jul 30 Battle of Petersburg: General Burnsides fails in an attack on Petersburg in the Battle of the Crater

Historic Event

Jul 31 Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers


Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 6 Alberto Nepomuceno, Brazilian composer and conductor (Artemis), born in Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil (d. 1920)
  • Jul 11 Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher, born in Nikolaevka, Bulgaria (d. 1944)
  • Jul 12 George Washington Carver, African-American agricultural scientist (studied the peanut), born in Diamond Grove, Missouri [or Jan 10] (d. 1934)
  • Jul 13 John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman and soldier (richest passenger aboard the Titanic), born in Rhinebeck, New York (d. 1912)
  • Jul 15 Marie Tempest [Marie Susan Etherington], British actress known as the "queen of her profession" (Yellow Sands), born in London, England (d. 1942)
  • Jul 18 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)
  • Jul 18 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • Jul 20 Erik Karlfeldt, Swedish poet (Nobel 1918-refused; 1931-posthumous)
  • Jul 21 Frances Cleveland, American 1st lady (1885-89, 93-97), wife of President Grover Cleveland, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1947)
  • Jul 23 Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and 1st Prime Minister of the Philippines, born in Tanauan, Batangas, Philippines (d. 1903)

Frank Wedekind

Jul 24 Frank Wedekind, German actor and playwright (The "Lulu" plays), born in Hanover, German Confederation (d. 1918)

  • Jul 24 Michel-Gaston Carraud, French composer, born in Le Mée-sur-Seine, France (d. 1920)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 6 Samuel Allen Rice, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injuries at 36
  • Jul 16 Victor Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 27
  • Jul 17 Daniel McCook Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 29
  • Jul 17 Dirk Dark Curtius, attorney/liberal minister of Justice, dies at 71
  • Jul 22 James Birdseye Mcpherson, US Union gen-major, dies in battle at 35
  • Jul 22 William H. T. Walker, American Major General (Confederate Army), killed in action at 47 during the Atlanta Campaign
  • Jul 22 Ägid Karl Lickl, Austrian guitar virtuoso, pianist, and composer, dies at 60
  • Jul 25 Clement H. Stevens, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 42
  • Jul 27 Margaret E Breckinridge, US nurse/daughter of VP John, dies
  • Jul 27 John Putnam Chapin, American politician (10th Mayor of Chicago (1846-47), dies at 54
  • Jul 28 Johann Hermann Kufferath, German composer, dies at 67
  • Jul 28 Samuel Benton, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 44
  • Jul 31 Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), dies at 64