On This Day

What Happened in March 1864

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
  • Mar 1 Rebecca Lee in the US becomes 1st African American woman to receive a medical degree
  • Mar 5 1st track meet between Oxford & Cambridge

Appointment of Interest

Mar 9 Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army

  • Mar 9 26th Grand National: George Stevens wins his 3rd GN aboard 10/1 Emblematic; winning mare's full sister Emblem the race winner the previous year
  • Mar 10 Ulysses S. Grant is named commander of the Union armies
  • Mar 10 Red River campaign begun in Louisiana by Union forces
  • Mar 11 Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles killing at least 240, in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
  • Mar 11 The Great Sheffield Flood: the largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield

Music History

Mar 14 Gioachino Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres at his home in Paris, France

  • Mar 14 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • Mar 15 Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, Louisiana
  • Mar 19 Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 21 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
  • Mar 23 Encounter at Camden, Arkansas
  • Mar 25 Battle of Paducah, Kentucky (Forrest's raid)
  • Mar 29 Great Britain gives the Ionian Islands back to Greece
  • Mar 29 Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia, Arkansas
  • Mar 30 Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 4 David W. Taylor, U.S. Navy architect (1st towing tank), born in Louisa County, Virginia (d. 1940)
  • Mar 12 W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • Mar 13 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, born in Torzhok, Russia (d. 1941)
  • Mar 14 Casey [John] Jones, American railroad engineer who dies trying to save a train (Ballad of Casey Jones), born in Missouri (d. 1900)
  • Mar 15 Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian violinist, conductor (Nationaltheatret Orchestra, 1899-1929), and composer (Bergensiana), born in Drammen, Norway (d. 1934)
  • Mar 15 Leslie Stuart, [Thomas Barrett], British musical theater composer (Florodora), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1928)
  • Mar 18 Karl M Lybeck, Finnish/Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
  • Mar 19 Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
  • Mar 23 Hjalmar Borgstrom [Jensen], Norwegian composer (Hvæm er du med de tusene navne (Who are you with a thousand names)), and music critic, born in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway (d. 1925)
  • Mar 23 Louis Glass, Danish pianist and composer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1936)
  • Mar 30 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist/politician

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 3 Ulric Dahlgren, Union colonel, dies in battle at 21
  • Mar 4 Thomas Starr King, American Unitarian clergyman and lecturer who advocated for California to remain in the Union (Christianity & Humanity), dies of an illness at 39
  • Mar 10 Maximilian II of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1848-64), dies at 52
  • Mar 16 Robert Smith Surtees, British novelist (Jorrocks’s Jaunts and Jollities), dies at 58
  • Mar 17 Alexandre Calamo, Swiss painter, etcher and lithographer, dies at 53
  • Mar 21 Luke Howard, British manufacturing chemist and meteorologist (nomenclature system for clouds), dies at 91
  • Mar 27 Jean-Jacques Ampère, French scholar (b. 1800)
  • Mar 30 Louis Schindelmeisser, German clarinetist and composer, dies 52