On This Day

What Happened in October 1864

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
  • Oct 1 John Summerfield Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for US President Abraham Lincoln
  • Oct 2 Battle of Saltville, Virginia
  • Oct 4 National black convention meets in Syracuse, New York
  • Oct 4 New Orleans Tribune, 1st black daily newspaper, forms
  • Oct 5 Battle of Allatoona, 1/3 of Union troops die repulsing South
  • Oct 5 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone, approx 60,000 die
  • Oct 7 -Oct 13th) Battle of Darbytown Road, Virginia
  • Oct 7 Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor, Brazil - CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Oct 9 Battle of Tom's Brook; Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign is beaten by General George A. Custer & Merrit's cavalry divisions

  • Oct 11 Slavery abolished in Maryland
  • Oct 11 Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 War of the Triple Alliance begins with Brazilian troops under the command of Gen. João Propício Mena Barreto invading Uruguay

President of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
President of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López
  • Oct 13 Battle at Darbytown Road, Virginia (337 casualties)
  • Oct 13 Battle of Dalton, GA - surrendered

BattleBattle of Interest

Oct 13 Battle of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (Mosby's Raid)

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby

  • Oct 13 Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • Oct 15 Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
  • Oct 19 Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St Albans, Vermont
  • Oct 19 Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Confederate attackers
  • Oct 19 US Brigadier General Emory Upton (25) promoted to Major General
  • Oct 21 Battle of Westport, MO (Kansas City)
  • Oct 23 Battle of Westport, Missouri: Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price
  • Oct 25 Battle of Marais Des Cygnes River, Kansas (Mine Creek)
  • Oct 26 Union troops ambush & kill 'Bloody' Bill Anderson near Albany, Missouri
  • Oct 27 Battle of Boydton Plank Road, VA (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad)
  • Oct 27 Second Battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia near Richmond
  • Oct 27 Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed and sunk by a spar torpedo mounted on a steam launch
  • Oct 28 Second Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • Oct 28 Second Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends with 1554 casualties
  • Oct 28 Battle of Wauhatchie, Tennessee
  • Oct 29 Greek parliament accept new Constitution
  • Oct 30 Helena, Montana's capital, founded
  • Oct 30 Treaty of Vienna signed to end the Second Schleswig War - Denmark loses control of Schleswig to Prussia, and of Holstein to Austria
  • Oct 31 Nevada admitted as 36th state of the Union

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 5 Louis Lumière, French inventor, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895, born in Besançon, France (d. 1948)
  • Oct 8 Ozias Leduc, Canadian painter, born in Saint-Hilaire-de-Rouville, Quebec (d. 1955)
  • Oct 9 Maud Watson, British tennis player (first Wimbledon female champion 1884-85), born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • Oct 10 T. Frank Appleby, American Republican Party politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey), born in Old Bridge Township, New Jersey (d. 1924)
  • Oct 14 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • Oct 17 Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks)
  • Oct 20 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico, born in Franklin County, Missouri (d. 1951)
  • Oct 25 Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1956)
  • Oct 25 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (Co-Founder of Dodge Brothers Company), born in Niles, Michigan (d. 1920)
  • Oct 26 Joseph Moorat, British composer (Prunella) (d. 1938)
  • Oct 28 Adolfo Camarillo, American prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher, born in Ventura, California (d. 1958)
  • Oct 28 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, born in Gdov, Russia (d. 1920)
  • Oct 30 Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge, American pianist and philanthropist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1953)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 1 John Dunovant, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Oct 1 Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
  • Oct 1 Juan José Flores, General and first President of Ecuador (1839-1845), dies at 64
  • Oct 4 Joseph Montferrand, French-Canadian logger and strong man, dies at 61
  • Oct 7 Alexander Gardiner, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Oct 7 John Gregg, American judge/Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 36
  • Oct 8 Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory, US Union-brigadier general, dies at about 34
  • Oct 10 David Bullock Harris, US Confederate colonel, dies of yellow fever
  • Oct 12 Roger Taney, 5th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-64), dies at 87
  • Oct 18 David Bell Birney, US lawyer/Union general-major, dies at 39
  • Oct 18 Jacques-François Gallay, French horn player and composer, dies at 68
  • Oct 19 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, magistrate/brigadier general, dies in battle at 45
  • Oct 20 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 27
  • Oct 24 James Jay Archer, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 46
  • Oct 26 "Bloody Bill" Anderson, American Civil War Pro-Confederate rebel guerrilla leader, killed by union troops at 24 or 25
  • Oct 27 Andreas Randel, Swedish composer, dies at 58