On This Day

What Happened in September 1864

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 2nd day of battle at Jonesboro Georgia, about 3,000 casualties
  • Sep 1 Skirmish at Hood evacuated confederates from Atlanta GA

Victory in Battle

Sep 2 Union General William T. Sherman captures and burns Atlanta during Savannah Campaign (US Civil War)

  • Sep 3 Battle of Berryville, Virginia, Confederate forces retreat in face of Union strength
  • Sep 3 US, British, French & Dutch naval officer sails Straits of Simonoseki
  • Sep 4 Bread riots in Mobile, Alabama
  • Sep 5 British, French & Dutch fleets attacked Japan in Shimonoseki Straits
  • Sep 5 Achille François Bazaine becomes Marshall of France.
  • Sep 16 Battle of Coggin's Point, Virginia (Hampton-Rosser Cattle Raid)
  • Sep 16 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris Sr. wins third title; beats fellow Scot Andrew Strath by 2 strokes
  • Sep 17 American Civil War: Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
  • Sep 18 Battle of Martinsburg, Virginia
  • Sep 18 Hood's Tennessee campaign begins (also called The Franklin–Nashville Campaign), American Civil War
  • Sep 19 3rd Battle of Winchester, Virginia (Opequon, 3rd Winchester)
  • Sep 22 Battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia - General Early Retreats to Brown's Gap
  • Sep 22 Sheridan sets up camp in Harrisonburg, Virginia
  • Sep 27 Battle at Pilot Knob (Ft Davidson) American Civil War, Missouri: 1700 killed/injured
  • Sep 27 Centralia Massacre (Missouri): 24 unarmed Union soldiers captured and executed by "Bloody Bill" Anderson/Frank

Historic Event

Sep 27 Jesse James' gang surprise attack train: 150 killed

  • Sep 28 -30) Battle of Fort Harrison Virginia (Chaffin's Farm New Market Heights)
  • Sep 29 Battle of Chaffin's Farm and New Market Heights in Henrico County, Virginia
  • Sep 30 Battle of Preble's Farm Virginia (Poplar Springs Church)
  • Sep 30 Black soldiers given US Medal of Honor

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Roger David Casement, Irish diplomat, nationalist (Easter uprising 1916), and poet, born in Sandycove, Dublin, Ireland (d. 1916)
  • Sep 3 Hale A. VanderCook, American composer, born in Ann Arbor, Michigan (d. 1949)
  • Sep 7 Giovanni Tebaldini, Italian composer, born in Brescia, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1952)
  • Sep 7 Ernest Halliwell, South African cricket wicketkeeper (8 Tests), born in Ealing, England (d. 1919)
  • Sep 14 Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British lawyer and politician who helps form League of Nations (Nobel 1937), born in Cavendish Square, London (d. 1958)
  • Sep 22 Lodewijk van Deyssel, Dutch writer (A Love Affair), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1952)
  • Sep 23 Draga Mašin, Queen of Serbia (d. 1903)
  • Sep 27 Alexander Cohen, Dutch anarchist and author, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • Sep 27 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, born in Liptó County, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Sep 28 Barry Pain, English writer (Punch), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1928)
  • Sep 29 Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish writer and philosopher (Ensayos, Teatro), born in Bilbao Spain (d. 1936)

Famous Weddings

John D. Rockefeller

Sep 8 Business magnate John D. Rockefeller (25) weds abolitionist Laura Spelman (24)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 4 John Hunt Morgan, American Confederate military leader of 'Morgan's Raiders', killed by Union troops at Greeneville at 39
  • Sep 15 John Hanning Speke, British explorer, the first European to reach Lake Victoria in east Africa, dies at 37
  • Sep 17 Walter Savage Landor, English poet and writer (Imaginary Conversations), dies at 89
  • Sep 19 Archibald Campbell Godwin, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Sep 19 David Allen Russell, United States Army officer (Union), dies in battle at 43
  • Sep 19 Robert Emmet Rodes, American Civil War Confederate Army Major General, dies in battle at 35
  • Sep 23 Sandie [Alexander Swift] Pendleton, American Lieutenant Colonel (Confederate Army), dies at 23
  • Sep 29 Hiram Burnham, American Union army officer (Chancellorsville), dies in Battle of Chaffin's Farm at 49 or 50