What Happened in 1865

Historical Events

  • Jan 4 New York Stock Exchange opens its 1st permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad St, near Wall Street in New York City
  • Jan 31 Congress passes the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (passes 121-24)
  • Jan 31 General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War
  • Feb 4 Robert E. Lee is named general-in-chief of Confederate forces
  • Feb 17 Columbia in South Carolina burns down during the American Civil War
  • Apr 9 Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War in North Virginia
  • Apr 14 US President Abraham Lincoln is shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington; he dies a day later
  • Apr 27 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • May 9 President Andrew Johnson issues a proclamation declaring armed resistance in the South is virtually at an end; this is the commonly accepted end date of the American Civil War
  • Jun 19 Union General Gordon Granger declares slaves are free in Texas, now the date the end of slavery is celebrated across the US as Juneteenth
  • Jun 22 The CSS Shenandoah fires the last shot of the American Civil War in the Bering Strait to indicate surrender
  • Jul 5 US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
  • Nov 26 "Alice in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll is published in America
  • Dec 6 13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery
  • More Historical Events

1865 in Music

Did You Know?

American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe, on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels

On November 6, 1865

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