What Happened in April 1865

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama
  • Apr 1 Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
  • Apr 2 Battle of Petersburg ends as the Army of Northern Virginia is forced to retreat under heavy fire from a general Union offensive

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia (US Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Apr 2 Battle of Fort Blakely Alabama, last major battle of the US Civil War
  • Apr 2 Battle of Selma, Alabmaa, Union forces break Confederates defenses to secure the town
  • Apr 3 Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • Apr 3 Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond & Petersberg, Virginia
  • Apr 4 Lee's army arrives at Amelia Courthouse
  • Apr 5 Battle at Amelia Springs, Jetersville Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • Apr 6 Battle of Sayler's Creek, fought near Farmville, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign), 1/4 of Lee's army cut off, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Apr 6 Battle of High Bridge, fought near Farmville, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • Apr 7 Battle of Farmville, Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 9 Confederate General Robert E Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S Grant (US Civil War)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Apr 10 At Appomattox, General Robert E. Lee issues General Order #9, his last
  • Apr 11 Battle of Mobile, Alamaba evacuated by Confederates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Apr 13 Raleigh, North Carolina, captured by Union forces
  • Apr 14 Mobile, Alabama is captured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell

US Secretary of State William H. Seward
US Secretary of State
William H. Seward

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Count of Bismarck-Sch├Ânhausen

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • Apr 15 Abraham Lincoln dies 9 hours after he is shot attending the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre in Washington
  • Apr 16 Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
  • Apr 17 Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln's assassination

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 Confederate General Johnson surrenders to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina

  • Apr 20 Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens
  • Apr 21 Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington
  • Apr 24 Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation in San Francisco
  • Apr 26 Battle of Durham Station, North Carolina (Greensboro)
  • Apr 26 Battle of Fort Tobacco, Virginia
  • Apr 26 Confederate General J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tennessee, at Durham, North Carolina
  • Apr 27 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
  • Apr 27 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • Apr 28 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Richard Zsigmondy, German chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • Apr 8 Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist (d. 1940)
  • Apr 9 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American electrical engineer (development of alternating current), born in Breslau, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1923)

Person of interestErich Ludendorff

Apr 9 Erich Ludendorff, German general during World War I, born in Kruszewnia, Prussia (d. 1937)

German General Erich Ludendorff
German General
Erich Ludendorff
  • Apr 10 Jack Miner, Canadian naturalist and conservationist, born in Dover Center, Ohio (d. 1944)
  • Apr 13 Heinrich Reinhardt, composer
  • Apr 16 Harry Chauvel, Australian Imperial Force senior officer, born in Tabulam, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1945)
  • Apr 17 Ursula Led├│chowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, born in Loosdorf, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)
  • Apr 23 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, born in Kazakhli, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • Apr 27 Emile Erens, Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
  • Apr 30 Max Nettlau, German anarchist (d. 1944)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 1 Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano, dies at 67
  • Apr 2 A. P. Hill, Confederate general, killed in action at 39
  • Apr 2 Richard Cobden, founder Anti-Corn-Law League, dies at 60
  • Apr 6 John Austin Wharton, American lawyer and Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 36
  • Apr 6 Reuben B Boston, US Confederate cavalery colonel, dies in battle
  • Apr 8 John Park, composer, dies at 61
  • Apr 9 Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32

Person of interestAbraham Lincoln

Apr 15 Abraham Lincoln, 16th American President, dies from gunshot wounds at 56

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Apr 16 Robert C Tyler, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Apr 22 Francis Washburn, US Union colonel/gen major, dies of injuries
  • Apr 22 William McKean, American naval officer (Union Navy), dies at 64
  • Apr 23 James Dearing, U.S. Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 24
  • Apr 26 Charles J Sax, Belgium musician and father of Adolphe Sax inventor of the saxophone, dies at 74

Person of interestJohn Wilkes Booth

Apr 26 John Wilkes Booth, American stage actor and assassin of US President Abraham Lincoln, shot at 26 by Union soldier Boston Corbett

  • Apr 28 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born British shipping magnate (b. 1787)
  • Apr 30 Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and scientist, dies at 59