What Happened in August 1865

Historical Events


Book releaseHistoric Publication

Aug 2 Lewis Carroll publishes "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland"

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • Aug 2 Trans Atlantic Cable being laid by SS Great Eastern snaps and is lost
  • Aug 12 Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery
  • Aug 15 Battle of Lone Jack, Missouri
  • Aug 16 Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 20 President Andrew Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in Texas

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Aug 22 William Sheppard is issued the first US patent for liquid soap

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 2 Irving Babbitt, American writer (Rousseau & Romanticism), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1933)
  • Aug 2 John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1955)
  • Aug 4 Gus Kempis, South African cricketer (South Africa's 1st Test), born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1890)
  • Aug 10 Alexander K Glazunov, composer (Chopiniana), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • Aug 14 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, born in Venice (d. 1952)
  • Aug 15 Johan[nes] B Schepers, Frisian writer (Braga)
  • Aug 15 Mikao Usui, Japanese founder of Reiki (form of spiritual practice), born in Gifu Prefecture, Japan (d. 1926)
  • Aug 20 Bernard Tancred, South African cricketer (87 runs in 1888-89 South Africa v England), born in Port Elizabeth, Cape Province (d. 1911)
  • Aug 22 Piet A W Hopmans, bishop of Breda (Eucharistic Crusade)
  • Aug 24 Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania (1914-27), born in Sigmaringen, German Confederation (d. 1927)
  • Aug 27 Charles Gates Dawes, American politician (30th Vice President of the United States) and Nobel laureate (1925), born in Marietta, Ohio (d. 1951)
  • Aug 27 James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist and anthropologist, born in Rockford, Illinois (d. 1935)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 12 William Jackson Hooker, botanist, dies
  • Aug 13 Ignaz Semmelweis, gynecologist, dies at 47
  • Aug 17 Johann Nepomuk Poissl, composer, dies at 82
  • Aug 17 Mosby Munroe Parsons, United States officer in the Mexican–American War and brigadier general of the Confederate States Army, dies in battle at 42
  • Aug 26 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73
  • Aug 26 Marcellus Monroe Crocker, US attorney/Union brigadier general, dies at 35
  • Aug 27 Józef Nowakowski, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 64
  • Aug 29 John Brough, US publisher/(gov-R-Ohio), dies at about 54