On This Day

What Happened in January 1865

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign
  • Jan 2 Welterweight Con Orem & heavyweight Hugh O'Neill brawl for 185 rounds before darkness ends legendary bare knuckle boxing match in Virginia City, Montana
  • Jan 4 New York Stock Exchange opens its 1st permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad St, near Wall Street in New York City
  • Jan 11 Battle of Beverly, West Virginia, Confederate forces attack Union post
  • Jan 13 Second Battle of Fort Fisher: A force of 58 Union ships and over 8,000 troops converge on Fort Fisher, North Carolina
  • Jan 15 Second Battle of Fort Fisher: Union Navy bombards Fort Fisher, North Carolina, allowing Union troops to capture Confederacy's last remaining seaport [1]
  • Jan 16 Munitions magazine explodes at Fort Fisher, North Carolina, killing or injuring 200 soldiers, carelessness of drunken soldiers blamed. [1]
  • Jan 16 General William Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
  • Jan 16 San Francisco Dramatic Chronicle starts
  • Jan 18 Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina
  • Jan 19 NV Suriname Bank established
  • Jan 19 Union occupies Fort Anderson, North Carolina
  • Jan 23 -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent's Reach)
  • Jan 25 CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Jan 28 Confederate President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Jan 31 Congress passes the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (passes 121-24)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Giuseppe Ferrata, composer
  • Jan 3 Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (The Mikado), born in London, England (d. 1936)
  • Jan 5 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer, born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1920)
  • Jan 10 Mary Ingalls, sister of American author Laura Ingalls Wilder, born in Pepin County, Wisconsin (d. 1928)
  • Jan 13 Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
  • Jan 17 Gen Sir Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1951)
  • Jan 20 Friedrich A H von Waldeck, brother of queen Emma/last ruler of Waldeck
  • Jan 22 Friedrich Paschen, German physicist
  • Jan 23 Benjamin Delmonte, Dutch theater director & actor (Black Haired Whore), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Jan 28 Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)
  • Jan 28 Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)
  • Jan 30 Samuel Pierre l'Honoré Naber, Dutch rear-admiral and librarian, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • Jan 31 Tikhon of Moscow [Vasily Ivanovich Bellavin], 11th Patriarch of Moscow and all of Russia, born in Toropets District, Pskov, Russian Empire (d. 1925)

Person of interestHenri Desgrange

Jan 31 Henri Desgrange, French cyclist and journalist, founder of the Tour-de-France, born in Paris, France (d. 1940)

Cyclist and Founder of the Tour-de-France Henri Desgrange
Cyclist and Founder of the Tour-de-France
Henri Desgrange
  • Jan 31 Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1951)

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 16 Confederate Brigadier-General John Pegram marries Hetty Cary (US Civil War)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Jozef Lies, Flemish painter, dies at 43
  • Jan 8 Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general and statesman, dies at 85
  • Jan 19 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)