What Happened in October 1865

Historical Events

  • Oct 8 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
  • Oct 9 First US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania
  • Oct 10 John Wesley Hyatt patents the billiard ball made from cellulose nitrate (celluloid) in Albany, New York (patent US50359A)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 President Andrew Johnson paroles Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Oct 11 Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
  • Oct 14 Cheyennes & Arapahos sign "peace treaty" then chased out Colorado

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Paul Dukas, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • Oct 3 Johan Eilerts de Haan, Dutch sea officer (Lucie R, Suriname), born in Noordwolde, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1910)
  • Oct 4 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), born in Güttland, Gdańsk (d. 1944)
  • Oct 10 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • Oct 11 Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian philological and writer (Mot Karnaval), born in Øksfjord, Norway (d. 1926)
  • Oct 12 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)
  • Oct 15 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1927)
  • Oct 17 James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
  • Oct 18 Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist (d. 1957)
  • Oct 18 Logan Pearsall Smith, American essayist and critic (d. 1946)
  • Oct 19 Godfrey Cripps, cricketer (one Test South Africa v England 1892, 18 & 3)
  • Oct 22 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (d. 1943)
  • Oct 23 Neltje Blanchan, American writer (d. 1918)
  • Oct 26 Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman, who dies aboard the Titanic, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1912)
  • Oct 27 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (Why War), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1958)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 8 Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, composer, dies at 51
  • Oct 12 William Vincent Wallace, composer, dies at 53
  • Oct 16 Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)

Person of interestHenry John Temple

Oct 18 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, British Prime Minister (1855-58 and 1859-65), dies of fever at 80

British Prime Minister Henry John Temple
British Prime Minister
Henry John Temple
  • Oct 20 Champ Ferguson, Confederate guerrilla (b. 1821)
  • Oct 31 William Parson, 3rd Earl of Rosse & maker of large telescopes, dies