On This Day

What Happened in October 1865

Historical Events

  • Oct 8 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
  • Oct 9 First US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania

Historic Invention

Oct 10 John Wesley Hyatt patents the billiard ball made from cellulose nitrate (celluloid) in Albany, New York (patent US50359A)

  • Oct 11 Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
  • Oct 14 Cheyennes & Arapahos sign "peace treaty" then chased out Colorado

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Paul Dukas, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • Oct 3 Johan Eilerts de Haan, Dutch sea officer (Lucie R, Suriname), born in Noordwolde, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1910)
  • Oct 4 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), born in Güttland, Gdańsk (d. 1944)
  • Oct 10 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • Oct 11 Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian philological and writer (Mot Karnaval), born in Øksfjord, Norway (d. 1926)
  • Oct 12 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)
  • Oct 15 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1927)
  • Oct 17 James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
  • Oct 18 Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist (d. 1957)
  • Oct 18 Logan Pearsall Smith, American essayist and critic (d. 1946)
  • Oct 22 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter and one of the founders of the Estonian National Museum, born in Kirikuküla, Vinni Parish, Estonia (d. 1943)
  • Oct 23 Neltje Blanchan, American nature writer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1918)
  • Oct 26 Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman, who dies aboard the Titanic, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1912)
  • Oct 27 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (Why War), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1958)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 8 Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, Moravian violinist and composer, dies at 51
  • Oct 12 William Vincent Wallace, Irish-American violinist (known as the 'Australian Paganini'), and composer (Maritana), dies at 53
  • Oct 16 Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)
  • Oct 20 Champ Ferguson, American Confederate guerrilla, found guilty of war crimes during US Civil War, executed and hung at 43
  • Oct 31 William Parson, 3rd Earl of Rosse & maker of large telescopes, dies