On This Day

What Happened in August 1866

Historical Events

  • Aug 11 World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport, Rhode Island)

Historic Event

Aug 20 President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over

  • Aug 23 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 5 Alfred Holy, Czech composer and harpist, born in Oporto (d. 1948)
  • Aug 5 Carl Dietrich Harries, German chemist (developed synthetic rubber), born in Luckenwalde, Germany (d. 1923)
  • Aug 5 Harry Trott, Australian cricket all-rounder (24 Tests, 1 x 100, 4 x 50, HS 143, 29 wickets; Victoria CA), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1917)
  • Aug 8 Matthew A Henson, 1st African American to reach North Pole (Jun 4 1909)
  • Aug 12 Jacinto Benavente y Martínez, Spanish playwright (Nobel 1922)
  • Aug 13 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian businessman and founder of Fiat (Fabbrica Italiana di Automobili Torino) Automaker, born in Villar Perosa, Italy (d. 1945)
  • Aug 14 Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (Prime number theorem), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1962)
  • Aug 17 Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad (d. 1911)
  • Aug 17 Julia Marlowe [Sarah Frances Frost], English-American Shakespearean actress, born in Cumberland, England (d. 1950)
  • Aug 30 Georges Minne, Belgian sculptor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1941)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 1 John Ross, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, dies at 75
  • Aug 6 John Mason Neale, English divine, scholar and hymnwriter (b. 1818)
  • Aug 22 George Shillibeer, pioneer of London's 1st bus service, dies