On This Day

What Happened in July 1866

Historical Events

  • Jul 4 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US
  • Jul 10 Indelible pencil patented by Edson P. Clark, Northampton, Massachusetts
  • Jul 17 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • Jul 20 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • Jul 21 Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • Jul 23 Cincinnati Baseball club (Red Stockings) forms
  • Jul 24 Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Jul 25 25th US Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office
  • Jul 25 David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy
  • Jul 26 Canoe Club opens in England

Landing of the Atlantic Cable

Jul 27 First transatlantic telegraph cable comes ashore at Heart's Content, Newfoundland after being laid out 1,686 miles by Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Great Eastern steamship

  • Jul 28 Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
  • Jul 30 New Orleans's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 3 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter, born in Stege, Møn, Denmark (d. 1906)
  • Jul 11 Richard Beer-Hofmann, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1945)
  • Jul 11 Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1953)
  • Jul 23 Francesco Cilea, Italian orchestral and opera composer (L'arlesiana; Adriana Lecouvreur), born in Palmi< Calabria, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1950)
  • Jul 25 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist, born in London (d. 1947)

Beatrix Potter

Jul 28 Beatrix Potter, English children's author and illustrator (The Tale of Peter Rabbit), born in London (d. 1943)

  • Jul 29 George Morrison, American entrepreneur (owner of Mammoth Caves), born border of Ohio and Pennsylvania (d. 1937) [1]

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 11 James Henry Lane, US General during Civil War (Union) and Senator (Kansas), commits suicide at 52
  • Jul 20 Emilio Faà di Bruno, Italian naval captain, goes down with his ship (Re d'italia) in the Battle of Lissa at 46
  • Jul 20 Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), dies at 39
  • Jul 23 Thomas Forbes Walmisley, English composer, dies at 83
  • Jul 25 Aloys Schmitt, German pianist, composer and music theorist (Preparatory Exercises, Op. 16) dies at 77