On This Day

What Happened in June 1866

Historical Events

  • Jun 1 General Dutch Typographer Union forms
  • Jun 1 Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario
  • Jun 2 Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces
  • Jun 7 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec
  • Jun 11 The Agra High Court (now the Allahabad High Court) is established in India
  • Jun 13 US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)
  • Jun 15 Prussia attacks Austria
  • Jun 20 Italy declares war on Austria beginning the Third Italian War of Independence
  • Jun 24 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 2 Jack O'Connor, American baseball catcher (Cleveland Spiders, St. Louis Browns) and manager (St. Louis Browns), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1937)
  • Jun 3 George Howells Broadhurst, English director (d. 1952)
  • Jun 4 Miina Sillanpää, Finnish first female minister and a key figure in the workers' movement, born in Jokioinen, Finland (d. 1952)
  • Jun 8 Hylton Philipson, English cricket wicketkeeper (5 Tests, 11 dismissals), born in Tynemouth, Northumberland, England (d. 1935)
  • Jun 13 Lambertus Zijl, Dutch sculptor (Trade scholarship), born in Kralingen, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • Jun 20 Ivans [Jacob van Schevichaven], Dutch lawyer and detective writer, born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • Jun 21 Lena Rice, Irish tennis player (Wimbledon 1890), born in Marlhill, Ireland (d. 1907)
  • Jun 21 Matt Kilroy, American baseball pitcher (MLB single-season record 513 strikeouts 1886; MLB no-hitter 1886; Baltimore Orioles), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1940)
  • Jun 26 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier and Egyptologist who funded the search for and excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, born in Highclere Castle, Hampshire, England (d. 1923)
  • Jun 26 Josef Swickard, German actor (The Wizard of Oz; Lost City; A Tale of Two Cities), born in Coblenz, Germany (d. 1940)

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 5 John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer, dies at 50
  • Jun 7 Chief Seattle, Native American leader
  • Jun 8 Wilhelm Schirmer, German landscape artist, dies at 64
  • Jun 16 Joseph Méry French poet (b. 1798)
  • Jun 17 Lewis Cass, American military officer and politician (U.S. Senator-Michigan), dies at 83
  • Jun 18 Jacob Abels, Dutch painter, dies at 62
  • Jun 23 Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam physician/social activist, dies at 53
  • Jun 25 Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist, dies at 63