What Happened in May 1866

Historical Events

  • May 1 American Equal Rights Association forms
  • May 2 Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao
  • May 4 Woodward's Gardens opens to the public in San Francisco

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 7 German premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassination attempt

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • May 16 Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
  • May 16 US Congress authorizes the nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
  • May 18 French government of De Putte resigns
  • May 21 1st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days
  • May 24 Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
  • May 28 Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt/Heemskerk forms
  • May 30 Opera "Die Verkaufte Braut" premieres (Prague)

Famous Birthdays

  • May 5 Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (d. 1938)
  • May 7 Cornelis J K van Aalst, president (Dutch Trading Company)
  • May 9 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Leader of Indian Independence Movement (d. 1915)
  • May 10 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, born in Grodno, Belarus (d. 1924)
  • May 13 Ottokar Eugen Novacek, composer
  • May 16 Ernest Watson Burgess, US sociologist (ecological school)
  • May 17 Erik Satie, French composer (Gymnopédies), born in Honfleur, Normandy (d. 1925)
  • May 23 Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
  • May 24 Armando Frid, Argentina, live until July 28 1990 (124 years)
  • May 26 John Eigenhuis, writer (Tough Workers)
  • May 31 Vladimir Ivanovich Rebikov, composer

Famous Deaths

  • May 13 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician (b. 1796)
  • May 17 Adolf Bernhard Marx, composer, dies at 70
  • May 29 Winfield Scott, American general (b. 1786)
  • May 29 Henry Darwin Rogers, American Geologist (theory of mountain building, first geological mapping of Pennsylvania), dies at 57