On This Day

What Happened in March 1867

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Howard University, Washington, D.C., chartered
  • Mar 1 Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
  • Mar 2 1st Reconstruction act passed by US Congress
  • Mar 2 US Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
  • Mar 2 US Congress creates the Department of Education

Historic Event

Mar 2 Jesse James' gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 killed

  • Mar 6 29th Grand National: John Page wins aboard Irish 16/1 shot Cortolvin; trainer Harry Lamplugh's second GN victory
  • Mar 8 British North America Act is passed in the House of Commons, serves as Canada's constitution for more than 100 years

Music Premiere

Mar 11 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Don Carlos" premieres in Paris

  • Mar 12 Last French troops leave Mexico
  • Mar 15 Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
  • Mar 16 First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in "The Lancet"

Historic Event

Mar 23 Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto

  • Mar 29 British North America Act (Canadian constitution) is given Royal Assent
  • Mar 29 US Congress first approves building of Lincoln Memorial

Alaska Purchase

Mar 30 Alaska Purchase: US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 ($109 million in 2018), roughly 2 cents an acre

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 3 Gustav Strube, German-American conductor (Baltimore Symphony, 1916-30), composer (The Captive), and educator (Peabody Conservatory), born in Ballenstadt, Saxony (d. 1953)
  • Mar 5 Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, Premier of Quebec (d. 1952)

Lillian Wald

Mar 10 Lillian Wald, American pioneering nurse and social activist who started American community nursing with the Henry Street Settlement in NYC, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1940)

  • Mar 10 Hector Guimard, French Art Nouveau architect and designer (entrances to Paris Metros), born in Lyon (d. 1942)
  • Mar 15 Lionel Pigot Johnson, British poet and critic (Ireland & Other Poems), born in Broadstairs, Kent (d. 1902)
  • Mar 15 Will Rossiter, composer
  • Mar 18 Michael G de Boer, historian (Harbor of Amsterdam)
  • Mar 22 Meijer Linnewiel [Prof Kokadorus], Amsterdam's pitchman
  • Mar 25 Arturo Toscanini, Italian cellist and conductor (La Scala, 1898-1908 & 1921-29; Metropolitan Opera, 1908-15; New York Philharmonic, 1926-36; NBC Symphony Orchestra, 1937-41 & 1944-54), born in Parma, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1957)
  • Mar 25 John Gutzon Borglum, American sculptor (Mt Rushmore), born in St. Charles, Idaho Territory (d. 1941)
  • Mar 27 Edyth Walker, American opera singer, born in Hopewell, New York (d. 1950)

Cy Young

Mar 29 Cy Young, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (Cleveland Spiders, Boston Americans; most wins in MLB history 511), born in Gilmore, Ohio (d. 1955)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 2 French-Andries Durlet, Belgian sculptor and architect, dies at 50
  • Mar 6 Artemus Ward [Charles Farrar Browne], American humorist (considered to be America's first stand-up comedian), dies at 32
  • Mar 16 Benjamin Hanby, composer, dies at 33
  • Mar 18 Wiktor Każyński, Polish composer, dies at 54
  • Mar 22 Ferdinando Giorgetti, Italian composer, dies at 70
  • Mar 25 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist (Chinoline), dies at 72