On This Day

What Happened in October 1867

Historical Events

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 1 Karl Marx' "Das Kapital" published

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Oct 5 Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska
  • Oct 14 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns in Japan

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Oct 16 Alaska adopts Gregorian calendar, crosses international date line

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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Treaty of InterestAlaska Purchase

Oct 18 Alaska Purchase: US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia, having paid $7.2 million

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The check used by the United States to purchase Alaska at less than 2 cents an acre
The check used by the United States to purchase Alaska at less than 2 cents an acre
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  • Oct 22 Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
  • Oct 23 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 27 Giuseppe Garibaldi marches on Rome for the second time

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Oct 28 Maimonides College in Pennsylvania is first Jewish college in the US
  • Oct 29 Mail packets "Rhone" & "Wye" capsize off St Thomas, Virgin Islands
  • Oct 31 Australia's first royal tour begins as Prince Albert, son of Queen Victoria arrives in Adelaide, South Australia [1]

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 3 Pierre Bonnard, French painter and illustrator, born in Fontenay-aux-Roses, Hauts-de-Seine, France (d. 1947)
  • Oct 14 Masaoka Shiki, Japanese haiku & tanka poet and diarist (Salt Water Ballads), born in Matsuyama, Japan (d. 1902)
  • Oct 20 Fini Henriques, Danish composer & violinist (Vølund Smed), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1940)
  • Oct 24 Franco Leoni, Italian composer, born in Milan (d. 1949)
  • Oct 25 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, born in Stary Garbów, Poland (d. 1937)
  • Oct 30 Ed Delahanty, American Baseball Hall of Fame left fielder (NL batting champion 1899, 1902), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1903)

Famous Weddings

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 24 US Admiral George Dewey (29) weds daughter of New Hampshire's war governor Susan Goodwin

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey

Famous Deaths

Person of interestElias Howe

Oct 3 Elias Howe, American inventor (invented sewing machine), dies at 48

Inventor Elias Howe
Elias Howe
  • Oct 4 Francis Xavier Seelos German-American Roman Catholic priest (b. 1819)
  • Oct 5 Thomas Taglichsbeck, composer, dies at 67
  • Oct 10 Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski, composer, dies at 60
  • Oct 16 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi (Ereg miliem), dies
  • Oct 26 John Fawcett, English composer, dies at 77
  • Oct 30 John Albion Andrew, American politician (25th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 49