On This Day

What Happened in October 1867

Historical Events

Historic Publication

Oct 1 Karl Marx publishes "Das Kapital" in Berlin, a description of the capitalist system, its instability and tendency to self-destruction

  • Oct 5 Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska
  • Oct 14 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns in Japan

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Oct 16 Alaska adopts Gregorian calendar, crosses international date line

Alaska Purchase

Oct 18 Alaska Purchase: US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia, having paid $7.2 million

  • Oct 22 Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
  • Oct 23 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.

Historic Event

Oct 27 Giuseppe Garibaldi marches on Rome for the second time

  • Oct 28 Maimonides College in Pennsylvania is first Jewish college in the US
  • Oct 29 Mail packets "Rhone" & "Wye" capsize off St Thomas, Virgin Islands
  • Oct 31 Australia's first royal tour begins as Prince Albert, son of Queen Victoria arrives in Adelaide, South Australia [1]

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 3 Pierre Bonnard, French painter and illustrator, born in Fontenay-aux-Roses, Hauts-de-Seine, France (d. 1947)
  • Oct 6 Victor Barton, English cricket batsman (1 Test, HS 23; Kent CCC, Hampshire CCC) and soccer goalkeeper (Southampton), born in Netley, England (d. 1906)
  • Oct 14 Masaoka Shiki, Japanese haiku & tanka poet and diarist (Salt Water Ballads), born in Matsuyama, Japan (d. 1902)
  • Oct 20 Fini Henriques, Danish composer & violinist (Vølund Smed), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1940)
  • Oct 24 Franco Leoni, Italian composer, born in Milan (d. 1949)
  • Oct 25 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, born in Stary Garbów, Poland (d. 1937)
  • Oct 30 Ed Delahanty, American Baseball HOF left fielder (NL batting champion 1899; NL home run leader 1893, 96; 3 × NL RBI leader; Philadelphia Phillies), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1903)

Famous Weddings

George Dewey

Oct 24 US Admiral George Dewey (29) weds daughter of New Hampshire's war governor Susan Goodwin

Famous Deaths

Elias Howe

Oct 3 Elias Howe, American inventor (invented sewing machine), dies at 48

  • Oct 4 Francis Xavier Seelos German-American Roman Catholic priest (b. 1819)
  • Oct 5 Thomas Täglichsbeck, German violinist and composer, dies at 67
  • Oct 10 Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski, composer, dies at 60
  • Oct 16 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi (Ereg miliem), dies
  • Oct 26 John Fawcett, English composer, dies at 77
  • Oct 30 John Albion Andrew, American politician (25th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 49