On This Day

What Happened in January 1868

Historical Events

  • Jan 3 Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
  • Jan 4 Wilkie Collins' "The Moonstone" is first serialized in "All the Year Round" owned by Charles Dickins
  • Jan 7 Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock
  • Jan 7 Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson
  • Jan 9 Last convict ship the Hougoumont arrives in Fremantle, ending 80 years of penal transportation to Australia [1]
  • Jan 14 North Carolina constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • Jan 14 South Carolina constitutional convention meets with a black majority
  • Jan 16 Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
  • Jan 20 Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Snitz Edwards [Edward Neumann], Hungarian-American stage and silent film actor ("Phantom of the Opera"; "College"), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1937)
  • Jan 2 Arthur Gore, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1901, 08-09), born at Lydhurst, England (d. 1928)
  • Jan 3 Franz V M Cumont, Belgian religious historian
  • Jan 6 Vittorio Monti, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1922)
  • Jan 7 Abraham M. "Mark" Lidzbarski, Polish German orientalist
  • Jan 8 Frank Watson Dyson, English astronomer, proved Einstein right about light bent by gravity, born in Measham, England (d. 1939)
  • Jan 9 S. P. L. Sørensen, Danish chemist (d. 1939)
  • Jan 11 Cai Yuanpei, Chinese philosopher and educator (President of Peking University), born in Shaoxing, China (d. 1940)
  • Jan 14 Catharina Anna Maria de Savornin Lohman, Dutch author (Belief), born in Assen, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • Jan 15 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21)
  • Jan 16 Cyril Metodej Hrazdira, Czech composer and conductor, born in Rájec nad Svitavou, Moravia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1926)
  • Jan 19 Gustav Meyrink, Austrian writer (The Golem), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1932)
  • Jan 23 Juventino Rosas, Mexican composer & violinist, born in Santa Cruz de Juventino Rosas, Mexico (d. 1894)
  • Jan 27 Cato Engelen-Sewing, Dutch soprano prima donna (Dutch Opera), born in Amsterdam (d. 1961)
  • Jan 28 Frederic Lamond, Scottish composer, pupil of Liszt, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1948)
  • Jan 28 Julian Aguirre, Argentine composer, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1924)
  • Jan 31 Theodore William Richards, chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Moritz Hauptmann, German composer, dies at 75
  • Jan 7 William Batchelder Bradbury, American composer, dies at 51
  • Jan 11 Henry Haywood Bell, U.S. Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 59
  • Jan 22 Moritz Ganz, German composer and cellist, dies at 61
  • Jan 28 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Witiko), commits suicide at 62