What Happened in July 1868

Historical Events

  • Jul 4 Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
  • Jul 4 Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman in the Chatham Islands and sail for New Zealand; landing at Whareongaonga six days later
  • Jul 7 Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey v Sussex
  • Jul 9 1st African American cabinet member in South Carolina, Francis L Cardozo as Secretary of State
  • Jul 13 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
  • Jul 14 Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure
  • Jul 20 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
  • Jul 25 US Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah & Idaho)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 US Secretary of State William H. Seward announces 14th Amendment ratified by states, grants citizenship to ex-slaves

US Secretary of State William H. Seward
US Secretary of State
William H. Seward

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 4 Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer (period-luminosity relation), born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1921)
  • Jul 5 William Henry Singer, American painter and collector (Singer Museum, Laren), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1943)
  • Jul 6 Petrus A Euwens, Dutch vicar/editor (Amigoe di Curacao)
  • Jul 6 Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (d. 1935)
  • Jul 12 Stefan George, German lyric poet (Algabal), born in Büdesheim, Germany (d. 1933)

Person of interestGertrude Bell

Jul 14 Gertrude Bell, British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), born in Washington Hall, County Durham, England (d. 1926)

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
  • Jul 20 Miron Cristea, 1st Patriarch of All Romania (d. 1939)
  • Jul 28 George Morren, Flemish painter/sculptor, born in Antwerp (d. 1941)
  • Jul 28 Thomas P. Krag, Norwegian author and novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), born in Kragerø, Norway (d. 1913)
  • Jul 30 Alfred Weber, German economist and sociologist, born in Erfurt, Prussian Saxony (d. 1958)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 6 Samuel Lover, composer, dies at 71
  • Jul 6 Sanosuke Harada, Shinsengumi Captain (b. 1840)
  • Jul 10 Carlo Conti, Italian composer, dies at 71
  • Jul 15 William Thomas Morton, dentist (1st to use ether), dies
  • Jul 16 Louis François Dauprat, French composer and horn player, dies at 87
  • Jul 19 Soji Okita, Japanese samurai, 1st Captain of the Shinsengumi (b. 1842 or 1844)
  • Jul 20 Antoine Prumier, composer, dies at 75
  • Jul 20 Johann Friedrich Kittl, Czech composer, dies at 62
  • Jul 22 Zikmund Kolešovský, Czech composer, dies at 51
  • Jul 24 George Cattermole, painter/illustrator, dies