On This Day

What Happened in November 1868

Historical Events

  • Nov 2 Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally
  • Nov 3 John Willis Menard from Louisiana is elected the first black US Congressman (opposition to his election means he never sits in Congress)

Election of Interest

Nov 3 Ulysses S. Grant (R) wins US presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)

  • Nov 11 1st American amateur track & field meet (NYC)

Victory in Battle

Nov 11 War of the Triple Alliance: Allied victory in the Battle of Avay leaves 3,000 Paraguayan soldiers dead, 600 wounded and the road to Asunción open

  • Nov 13 American Philological Association organized in NY
  • Nov 23 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process

Battle of Interest

Nov 27 Battle at Washita River, Oklahoma. General George A. Custer attacks group of Native American Indians, their chief Black Kettle dies in the attack

Historic Event

Nov 30 The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm


Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 4 Carolina “La Belle” Otero, Spanish actress, singer and courtesan, born in Valga, Galicia, Spain (d. 1965)
  • Nov 8 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (Hausdorff space), born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942)
  • Nov 9 Andrea d'Angeli, Italian composer, born in Italy (d. 1940)
  • Nov 9 Emmanuel de Bom, Flemish author (Wrakken), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1953)

Marie Dressler

Nov 9 Marie Dressler [Leila Koerber], Canadian-American actress (Dinner at 8, Min and Bill), born in Cobourg, Ontario (d. 1934)

  • Nov 10 Gichin Funakoshi, Japanese martial artist, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo, born in Shuri, Okinawa, Japan (d. 1957)
  • Nov 11 Édouard Vuillard, French painter and graphic artist, born in Cuiseaux, Saône-et-Loire, France (d. 1940)
  • Nov 13 Pierre Maurice, Swiss composer, born in Allaman, Switzerland (d. 1936)
  • Nov 15 Ferruccio Giannini, Italian-American operatic tenor (one of the first to be recorded), teacher, and impresario (Verdi Opera House, Philadelphia), born in Barga, Italy (d. 1948)
  • Nov 22 John Nance Garner, American Democratic politician & lawyer (32nd Vice President of the U.S.), born in Red River County, Texas (d. 1967)

Scott Joplin

Nov 24 Scott Joplin, American ragtime entertainer and composer ("Maple Leaf Rag"; "The Entertainer"), born in Texarkana, Texas (d. 1917)

  • Nov 28 František Drdla, Czech composer, born in Žďár nad Sázavou, Czech Republic (d. 1944)
  • Nov 28 William H. Lewis, American College football center and coach (first African-American selected as an All-American; Harvard), born in Berkley, Virginia (d. 1949)

Famous Deaths

Gioachino Rossini

Nov 13 Gioachino Rossini, Italian composer (Barber of Seville, William Tell), dies at 76

  • Nov 19 Ivane Andronikashvili, Georgian general (b. 1798)