On This Day

What Happened in November 1868

Historical Events

  • Nov 2 Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally
  • Nov 3 John Willis Menard from Louisiana is elected the first black US Congressman (opposition to his election means he never sits in Congress)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 3 Ulysses S. Grant (R) wins US presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Nov 11 1st American amateur track & field meet (NYC)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Nov 11 War of the Triple Alliance: Allied victory in the Battle of Avay leaves 3,000 Paraguayan soldiers dead, 600 wounded and the road to Asunción open

President of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
President of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López
  • Nov 13 American Philological Association organized in NY
  • Nov 23 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
  • Nov 26 1st baseball game played in enclosed field in San Francisco, at 25th & Folsom

BattleBattle of Interest

Nov 27 Battle at Washita River, Oklahoma. General George A. Custer attacks group of Native American Indians, their chief Black Kettle dies in the attack

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 30 The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm

King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 4 Carolina “La Belle” Otero, Spanish actress, singer and courtesan, born in Valga, Galicia, Spain (d. 1965)
  • Nov 8 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (Hausdorff space), born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942)
  • Nov 9 Andrea d'Angeli, Italian composer, born in Italy (d. 1940)
  • Nov 9 Emmanuel de Bom, Flemish author (Wrakken), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1953)

Person of interestMarie Dressler

Nov 9 Marie Dressler [Leila Koerber], Canadian-American actress (Dinner at 8, Min and Bill), born in Cobourg, Ontario (d. 1934)

  • Nov 10 Gichin Funakoshi, Japanese martial artist, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo, born in Shuri, Okinawa, Japan (d. 1957)
  • Nov 11 Édouard Vuillard, French painter and graphic artist, born in Cuiseaux, Saône-et-Loire, France (d. 1940)
  • Nov 13 Pierre Maurice, Swiss composer, born in Allaman, Switzerland (d. 1936)
  • Nov 22 John Nance Garner, American Democratic politician & lawyer (32nd Vice President of the U.S.), born in Red River County, Texas (d. 1967)

Person of interestScott Joplin

Nov 24 Scott Joplin, American ragtime entertainer and composer (Maple Leaf Rag, The Entertainer), born in Texarkana, Texas (d. 1917)

Ragtime Composer Scott Joplin
Ragtime Composer
Scott Joplin
  • Nov 28 František Drdla, Czech composer, born in Žďár nad Sázavou, Czech Republic (d. 1944)
  • Nov 28 William H. Lewis, American College football center and coach (first African-American selected as an All-American; Harvard), born in Berkley, Virginia (d. 1949)

Famous Deaths


Person of interestGioachino Rossini

Nov 13 Gioachino Rossini, Italian composer (Barber of Seville, William Tell), dies at 76

  • Nov 19 Ivane Andronikashvili, Georgian general (b. 1798)