What Happened in October 1869

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • Oct 5 A strong hurricane known as the Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region in Maritime Canada. Incredibly British naval officer Stephen Martin Saxby predicted the storm 10 months earlier in December 1868 via astronomy.
  • Oct 6 John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
  • Oct 16 Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
  • Oct 18 Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund" premieres in Christiania (Oslo), Norway
  • Oct 21 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
  • Oct 26 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestMahatma Gandhi

Oct 2 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian pacifist and spiritual leader, born in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, India (d. 1948)

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 3 Clara Noyes, American nurse (head of the American Red Cross WW1), born in Port Deposit, Maryland (d. 1936)
  • Oct 3 Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (Olympic gold 1896), born in Danzig, Prussia (d. 1942)
  • Oct 8 J. Frank Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), born in Washburn, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • Oct 9 Harry Lawrence Freeman, African-American composer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1954)
  • Oct 11 Frederic Norton, English composer (Chu Chin Chow), born in Broughton-in-Salford (d. 1946)
  • Oct 14 Joseph Duveen, British art connoisseur (Elgin marbles), born in Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1939)
  • Oct 23 Jacobus H "Koos" Speenhoff, Dutch singer

Person of interestJohn Heisman

Oct 23 John Heisman, American football coach who legalized the forward pass, originated the center snap and for which the Heisman Trophy is named, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1936)

American Football Coach John Heisman
American Football Coach
John Heisman
  • Oct 25 August Otto Halm, composer
  • Oct 26 Washington Luís, President of Brazil (1926-30), born in Macaé, Rio de Janeiro (d. 1957)
  • Oct 30 Lawrence Grant [Percy Reginald], British actor (Bulldog Drummond), born in Bournemouth, England (d. 1952)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 18 Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (49) weds his mistress Rosa Vercellana (36) in Italy

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 28 Sarawak's head of state Charles Brooke (40) weds Margaret Alice Lili de Windt (20) at Highworth, Wiltshire

2nd White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Brooke
2nd White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Brooke

Famous Deaths


Person of interestFranklin Pierce

Oct 8 Franklin Pierce, 14th US President (Democrat: 1853-57), dies at 64

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Oct 13 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Fren writer (Tableau Historique), dies
  • Oct 22 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
  • Oct 23 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian-French composer, dies at 72

Person of interestEdward Smith-Stanley

Oct 23 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), dies at 70

British Prime Minister Edward Smith-Stanley
British Prime Minister
Edward Smith-Stanley
  • Oct 24 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83