On This Day

What Happened in September 1869

Historical Events

Historic Event

Sep 1 Construction begins on the Grand Central Depot for Cornelius Vanderbilt's New York and Harlem Railroad (later replaced by Grand Central Station)

  • Sep 6 1st westbound train arrives in San Francisco
  • Sep 6 Mine fire kills 110 at Avondale, Pennsylvania
  • Sep 10 Baptist minister supposedly invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
  • Sep 13 Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
  • Sep 16 Golf's 1st recorded hole-in-one by Tom Morris at Prestwick's 8th hole, Scotland
  • Sep 16 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: At just 18 years of age, Tom Morris Jr. retains his title; beats fellow Scot Bob Kirk by 11 strokes

Music Premiere

Sep 22 Richard Wagner's opera "Das Rheingold" (the 1st piece of his "Ring" cycle) premieres in Munich, Germany

  • Sep 24 Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 4 Karl Seitz, President of Austria (1920), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • Sep 4 Geart Aeilco Wumkes, Frisian theologist and writer (Frision Movement), born in Joure, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • Sep 6 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)
  • Sep 6 Walford Davies, English composer, born in Oswestry, Shropshire, England (d. 1941)
  • Sep 7 Margo Scharten-Antink, Dutch author (Catherina, Sprotje), born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1957)
  • Sep 10 Caro Roma [Carrie Northey], American composer and singer, born in California (d. 1937)
  • Sep 14 Kid Nichols, American Baseball HOF pitcher (3 × NL wins leader; All-Time Saves Leader 1899–1906; Boston Beaneaters, St. Louis Cardinals, Philadelphia Phillies) and manager (St. Louis Cardinals 1904–05), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 1953)
  • Sep 17 Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian pacifist and internationalist (Nobel Peace Prize 1921), born in Stavanger, Norway (d. 1938)
  • Sep 18 Ellen Hansell, American tennis player (US National champion 1887), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1937)
  • Sep 20 George Robey, English musical theatre actor and comedian, born in South London, England (d. 1954)
  • Sep 20 Marcel Cachin, French politician and co-founder of the French Communist Party, born in Plourivo, Côtes d'Armor, France (d. 1958)
  • Sep 21 Henryk Melcer-Szczawiński, Polish pianist, composer, and conductor, born in Marcelin, Poland (d. 1928)

Typhoid Mary

Sep 23 Mary Mallon, Irish-American patient ('Typhoid Mary') 1st person in the US known to be immune to typhoid, and carrier of the disease (infected at least 51 people in New York City), born in Cookstown, Ireland (d. 1938)

  • Sep 26 Komitas [Soghomon Soghomonian], Armenian priest and composer, born in Kütahya, Ottoman Empire (d. 1935)
  • Sep 30 Ernie Jones, Australian cricket fast bowler (19 Tests, 64 wickets; first bowler to be called for throwing in a Test), born in Auburn, South Australia (d. 1943)

Famous Deaths

Peter Mark Roget

Sep 12 Peter Mark Roget, British lexicographer (Roget's Thesaurus) and inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard), dies at 90

  • Sep 28 Guglielmo Libri, Italian mathematician, dies at 66