On This Day

What Happened in July 1870

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 James W. Smith of South Carolina is one of 1st African Americans to attend West Point
  • Jul 2 Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium
  • Jul 8 US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • Jul 8 Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County to be in a state of insurrection

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13 King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • Jul 15 Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • Jul 15 Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province and NW Territories created
  • Jul 15 Hudson's Bay and Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
  • Jul 18 Pope Pius IX and the First Vatican Council officially proclaim the concept of papal infallibility
  • Jul 19 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • Jul 23 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
  • Jul 24 1st trans-US rail service begins
  • Jul 30 Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
  • Jul 30 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestRichard Bedford Bennett

Jul 3 Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1930-35), born in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick (d. 1947)

11th Prime Minister of Canada Richard Bedford Bennett
11th Prime Minister of Canada
Richard Bedford Bennett
  • Jul 4 Pieter van der Lijn, Dutch geologist (Dutch boulders), born in Graft, Netherlands (d. 1964)
  • Jul 8 Marie C of Zeggelen, Dutch novelist (Koloniaaltje)
  • Jul 10 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism), born in Poissy, France (d. 1953)
  • Jul 12 Louis II [Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi], Prince of Monaco, born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • Jul 15 Ernest Walker, composer
  • Jul 16 Lambert McKenna, Irish editor and lexicographer, born in Clontarf, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 1956)
  • Jul 18 Emil Młynarski, Polish conductor and composer, born in Kybartai, Lithuania (d. 1935)
  • Jul 20 Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
  • Jul 21 Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • Jul 24 Frederick Law Olmsted Jr., American landscape architect, born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1957)
  • Jul 25 Jan Derk Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard, Dutch vicar (Young Flanders), born in Amsterdam (d. 1955)
  • Jul 25 Maxfield Parrish, American painter and illustrator, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • Jul 27 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), born in La Celle-Saint-Cloud, Seine-et-Oise, France (d. 1953)
  • Jul 27 Henry Lincoln "Linc" Johnson, American attorney and politician, remembered as one of the most prominent early 20th century African-American Republicans, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1925)
  • Jul 28 Henri Jaspar, Premier of Belgium (1927-31), born in Schaerbeek, Belgium (d. 1939)

Famous Weddings

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 5 Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson (24) weds Annie E. Affleck (25) in Portland, Maine

4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson
4th Prime Minister of Canada
John Thompson

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 8 John D Zocher Jr, architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
  • Jul 22 Josef Strauss, Austrian composer (Dynamids), dies at 42
  • Jul 25 Pierre Dupont, French songwriter, dies at 49