What Happened in July 1870

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 James W. Smith of South Carolina is one of 1st African Americans to attend West Point
  • Jul 2 Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium
  • Jul 8 Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County to be in a state of insurrection
  • Jul 8 US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks

Historic Event

Jul 13 King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

Historic Event

Jul 14 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

  • Jul 15 Manitoba becomes the 5th Canadian province and the Northwest Territories are created and transferred to Canada by the Hudson's Bay Company
  • Jul 15 The last confederate state, Georgia is readmitted to the United States
  • Jul 18 Pope Pius IX and the First Vatican Council officially proclaim the concept of papal infallibility
  • Jul 19 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins

Historic Event

Jul 23 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France

  • Jul 24 1st trans-US rail service begins
  • Jul 30 Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
  • Jul 30 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 4 Pieter van der Lijn, Dutch geologist (Dutch boulders), born in Graft, Netherlands (d. 1964)
  • Jul 8 Marie van Zeggelen, Dutch author (Koloniaaltje)
  • Jul 10 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism), born in Poissy, France (d. 1953)
  • Jul 12 Louis II [Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi], Prince of Monaco, born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • Jul 15 Ernest Walker, British composer, born in Bombay, British India (d. 1949)
  • Jul 16 Lambert McKenna, Irish editor and lexicographer, born in Clontarf, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 1956)
  • Jul 18 Emil Młynarski, Polish violinist, conductor and composer, born in Kybartai, Russian Empire (now Lithuania) (d. 1935)
  • Jul 20 Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
  • Jul 21 Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • Jul 24 Frederick Law Olmsted Jr., American landscape architect, born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1957)
  • Jul 25 Jan Derk Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard, Dutch vicar (Young Flanders), born in Amsterdam (d. 1955)
  • Jul 25 Maxfield Parrish, American painter and illustrator, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • Jul 27 Henry Lincoln "Linc" Johnson, American attorney and politician, remembered as one of the most prominent early 20th century African-American Republicans, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1925)
  • Jul 27 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), born in La Celle-Saint-Cloud, Seine-et-Oise, France (d. 1953)
  • Jul 28 Henri Jaspar, 27th Prime Minister of Belgium (1927-31), born in Schaerbeek, Belgium (d. 1939)
  • Jul 29 George Dixon, Canadian boxer (World Bantamweight title 1892; World Featherweight champion 1891-97, 98-1901; first black athlete to win a World C'ship in any sport), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1908)

Famous Weddings

John Thompson

Jul 5 Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson (24) weds Annie E. Affleck (25) in Portland, Maine

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 8 John David Zocher Jr, Dutch architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
  • Jul 22 Josef Strauss, Austrian composer (Dynamids), dies at 42
  • Jul 25 Pierre Dupont, French songwriter ("Les Bœufs"; "Le Chant du pain"), dies at 49