What Happened in June 1870

Historical Events

  • Jun 4 4th Belmont: W Dick aboard Kingfisher wins in 2:59.5
  • Jun 5 Constantinople fire; 900 die
  • Jun 9 Washington: Presdent Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud
  • Jun 11 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam
  • Jun 14 All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games
  • Jun 22 US Congress creates Department of Justice
  • Jun 25 Opera "Die Walküre (The Valkyrie)" is produced (Munich)
  • Jun 26 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jun 26 Richard Wagner's opera "Valkyrie", second in his Ring Cycle premieres in Munich, featuring "Ride of the Valkyries"

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner
  • Jun 28 U.S. Congress creates federal holidays (New Years Day, Independence Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day), initially applicable only to federal employees
  • Jun 30 Ada Kepley becomes 1st American female law college graduate (Old University of Chicago, later Northwestern)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 13 Jules JBV Bordet, Belgian bacteriologist (syphillis, Nobel 1919)
  • Jun 14 Sophia of Prussia, consort of Constantine I of Greece (d. 1932)
  • Jun 17 George Cormack, cereal inventor (Wheaties)
  • Jun 18 Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician
  • Jun 21 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, born in Polkendorf, Silesia Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • Jun 24 Horatio Mbelle, Cape Colony, South African interpreter, community leader and politician
  • Jun 29 Joseph Carl Breil, American composer (Les amours de la reine Élisabeth), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1926)

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 8 Johann Gottlob Topfer, German composer, dies at 78

Person of interestCharles Dickens

Jun 9 Charles Dickens, English writer (David Copperfield, Oliver Twist), dies of stroke at 58

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens
  • Jun 9 Erik Drake, Swedish composer (Swedish Academy of Music), dies at 82
  • Jun 20 Jules de Goncourt, French writer, wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, dies at 39