On This Day

What Happened in March 1870

Historical Events

Battle of Cerro Corá

Mar 1 War of the Triple Alliance finally ends with the Battle of Cerro Corá and the death of Paraguayan Dictator Francisco Solano López after over 5 years of bloodshed between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay

Execution

Mar 4 On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Métis must be taken seriously

  • Mar 7 Cincinnati Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East
  • Mar 9 32nd Grand National: George Stevens wins consecutive GN's aboard 7/2 favourite The Colonel; his 5th and final GN victory
  • Mar 14 California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • Mar 17 Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
  • Mar 18 1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland California)
  • Mar 18 Antonio Carlos Gomes' "Il Guarany" premieres at La Scala Opera House in Milan, Italy, 1st Brazilian opera successful outside Brazil
  • Mar 19 The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 30 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
  • Mar 30 Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Mar 30 Florida territorial government established
  • Mar 31 Thomas Mundy Peterson of Perth Amboy, New Jersey is the first African American to vote in the US under provisions of the 15th Amendment to the Constitution, in a local election on town's charter [1]

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 4 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (d. 1944)
  • Mar 5 Frank Norris, journalist and writer (McTeague, Octopus), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1902)
  • Mar 6 Oscar Straus [Strauss], Viennese composer (Ein Walzertraum), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1954)
  • Mar 10 Alfred Kastner, Austrian-American harpist and composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1948)
  • Mar 11 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)
  • Mar 11 Herm McFarland, American MLB outfielder (first grand slam in AL history), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 1935)
  • Mar 13 Albert Meyer, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1929-38), born in Fällanden, Switzerland (d. 1953)
  • Mar 17 Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 18 Frank Hoyt Losey, American composer, arranger of band and orchestral music, and advisor to Edison Phonograph Company, born in Rochester, New Jersey (d. 1931)
  • Mar 20 Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Prussian general and politician (East Africa)
  • Mar 31 Tommy Ryan, American boxer (World Welterweight, Middleweight champion), born in Redwood, NY (d. 1948)

Famous Weddings

Claude Monet

Mar 28 Impressionist Painter Claude Monet (29) weds model Camille Doncieux in Paris

Famous Deaths

Francisco Solano López

Mar 1 Francisco Solano López, President and Dictator of Paraguay (1862-70), shouts "¡Muero con mi patria!" (I die with my nation) and dies in a struggle with Brazilian soldiers attempting to disarm him at 43

  • Mar 9 Theodore Labarre, French composer and harpist, dies at 65
  • Mar 10 (Isaac) Ignaz Moscheles, Bohemian piano virtuoso, student of Beethoven, teacher of Mendelssohn, and composer, dies at 75
  • Mar 11 Moshoeshoe I, King of Lesotho (1822-70), dies at about 47
  • Mar 18 Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide, composer, dies at 48
  • Mar 28 George Henry Thomas, American general (b. 1816)