On This Day

What Happened in October 1870

Historical Events

  • Oct 2 Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
  • Oct 7 Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
  • Oct 9 Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • Oct 13 Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
  • Oct 19 1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives
  • Oct 19 British steamship SS Cambria wrecked off the north-west of Ireland with the loss of 178 lives
  • Oct 25 Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
  • Oct 25 Postcards first used in USA

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Pieter van Essen, Dutch artillery officer and inventor (grape-shot shells)
  • Oct 7 "Uncle" Dave Macon, American vaudeville and Grand Ole Opry banjo player, singer-songwriter and comedian, born in Smartt Station, Tennessee (d. 1952)
  • Oct 8 Louis Vierne, French organist (Notre-Dame, 1900-37), and composer (Messe solennelle), born in Poitiers, France (d. 1937)
  • Oct 10 Louise Mack, Australian poet and novelist, born in Hobart, Tasmania (d. 1935)
  • Oct 16 Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist
  • Oct 18 D T Suzuki, Kanazawa Japan, Zen Buddhist scholar
  • Oct 22 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933), born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1953)
  • Oct 22 Alfred Douglas, English poet, journalist and partner of Oscar Wilde, born in Powick, Worcestershire, England (d. 1945)
  • Oct 23 Francis Kelley, Catholic Bishop of Oklahoma (d. 1948)

Famous Deaths

Robert E. Lee

Oct 12 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 63

  • Oct 20 Michael William Balfe, Irish violinist and composer (The Bohemian Girl), dies at 62
  • Oct 26 Joseph Saxton, American inventor, watchmaker, and photographer, dies at 74
  • Oct 31 Mihály Mosonyi, Hungarian composer, dies at 55