What Happened in September 1870

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 Napoleon III captured at Sedan
  • Sep 2 Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies at the Battle of Sedan
  • Sep 4 The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan
  • Sep 6 Ship sinks in Gulf of Biscay; 483 die
  • Sep 8 Netherlands and Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" an agreement to allow Indian contract workers from Calcutta to work in sugar plantations in Suriname
  • Sep 10 Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms
  • Sep 15 Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • Sep 15 British Open Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris, Jr. wins third straight title; again beats Bob Kirk, this time by 12 strokes
  • Sep 19 Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Capture of Rome by Italian army, Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel which unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Timotei Popovici, composer
  • Sep 2 Marie Ault, [Mary Cragg], Wigan England
  • Sep 2 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (d. 1947)
  • Sep 4 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied), born in Asch, Bohemia (d. 1956)
  • Sep 7 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [OS=Aug 26]
  • Sep 7 Thomas Curtis, American athlete (Olympic 1896 Gold), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1944)
  • Sep 8 Hermann Hans Wetzler, German-American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1943)
  • Sep 18 Clark Wissler, American anthropologist (American Indian), born in Hagerstown, Indiana (d. 1947)
  • Sep 22 Arthur Pryor, American band composer and trombone player, born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 1942)

Person of interestCharlotte Cooper

Sep 22 Charlotte Cooper, British tennis player (1st female Olympic champion 1900), born in Ealing, England (d. 1966)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Sep 23 John Lomax, Miss, folk song collector/ethnomusicologist
  • Sep 24 Georges Claude, French engineer and inventor (neon light), born in Paris (d. 1960)
  • Sep 26 Christian X, King of Denmark (1912-47), born in Charlottenlund, Denmark (d. 1947)
  • Sep 30 Jean Perrin, French physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel 1926)
  • Sep 30 Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 2 Charles Victor Arthur Saint-Leon, composer, dies at 48
  • Sep 11 Eugenio Lucas y Padilla, Spanish poet, dies at about 46
  • Sep 12 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (The Hasheesh Eater), dies at 34
  • Sep 23 Prosper Mérimée, French author (Carmen), dies at 66
  • Sep 27 Henry TP Comstock, Canadian silver prospector, dies at 50