- Jan 18 Second German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck
- Mar 21 Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa
- Mar 26 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
- May 21 -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
- Dec 24 Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" opera premieres in Cairo
Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'
On November 10, 1871