On This Day

What Happened in January 1871

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Belgium disbands salt tax
  • Jan 2 King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • Jan 3 Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
  • Jan 16 Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • Jan 17 1st cable car patented, by Andrew Smith Hallidie in the US (begins service in 1873)

The <b>German</b> EmpireThe German Empire

Jan 18 Second German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • Jan 19 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
  • Jan 26 Formation of the first Rugby Union at a meeting at Pall Mall restaurant, London, England
  • Jan 26 US income tax repealed
  • Jan 28 Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • Jan 31 Millions of birds fly over western San Francisco, darkening the sky

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Albert Griffiths ("Young Griffo"), Australian boxer (World Featherweight champion 1890-92), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1927)
  • Jan 5 Frederick Converse, American composer (The Pipe of Desire), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1940)
  • Jan 7 Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
  • Jan 8 James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish unionist politician and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (1921-1940), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1940)
  • Jan 9 Charles Kortright, British(?) cricket player
  • Jan 10 Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian poet & writer (Jesse & Maria), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1955)
  • Jan 12 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer
  • Jan 14 Pauline Beersmans, Flemish actress (Hofslachter), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1942)
  • Jan 15 Bertram Shapleigh, American composer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1940)

Person of interestDavid Beatty

Jan 17 David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet during World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Nantwich, England (d. 1936)

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Jan 22 Leon Jessel, German composer (The Parade of the Tin Soldiers), born in Stettin (d. 1942)
  • Jan 26 Warner Fabian, [Samuel H Adams], American journalist/writer (Average Jones)
  • Jan 29 Eduardo Lopez-Chavarri y Marco, composer
  • Jan 30 Seymour Hicks, British actor & theatrical impresario (Scrooge), born in St. Hélier, Isle of Jersey, England (d. 1949)
  • Jan 30 Wilfred Lucas, Canadian actor (Pardon Us, Chump at Oxford), born in Ontario, Canada (d. 1940)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 25 US President William McKinley (27) weds Ida Saxton (23) at the First Presbyterian Church in Canton

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 10 Pierre A du Terrail, French writer, dies at 41
  • Jan 19 Henri Regnault, French painter, dies at 27
  • Jan 21 John J Rochussen, gov-general of Neth-Indies (1845-51), dies at 73
  • Jan 29 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer, dies at 84